Introduction: Stories of Japanese-American Incarceration (04:10)
The U.S. entered WWII after Japan attacked Pear l Harbor; the government imprisoned nearly 120,000 people with Japanese ancestry. This video will examine their experience. (Production Funding Credits)
Japanese Internment (02:31)
Saburo Masada and his wife Marion visit the site where Saburo was imprisoned at the age of 12. Internment affects several generations of Japanese families.
San Joaquin Valley Discrimination (04:07)
The area where most of America's food is grown is a location of anti-Asian hate before and during WWII. Kerry Yo Nakagawa discusses his grandfather's arrival in 1886. California passes the Alien Land Law in 1913 and the Alien Land Act in 1920.
Agriculture and Ethnicity (03:04)
Saburo recalls his family purchasing a farm before WWII. Mel Kaji reflects on his family's interaction with the Caucasian community. Franklin Ng discusses ethnic groups and discrimination in the San Joaquin Valley.
Japanese Success in California (02:28)
Some farms flourish before WWII. During the 1930s, Japantown/Chinatown is a vibrant part of Fresno, CA; Nakagawa's family run successful businesses.
World War II Begins (04:57)
The U.S. government implements the Alien Registration Act in 1940. Japanese Americans form the JACL to show loyalty. The Munson report concludes that a Japanese American uprising is unlikely; U.S. Army Intelligence concurs.
Pearl Harbor Attack (04:35)
The Japanese military plans a preemptive strike while its government negotiates to prevent war. Japanese planes target the U.S. naval base on December 7, 1941. Japanese Americans reflect on community reactions.
War Hysteria (05:27)
Secretary of the Navy Frank Knox amplifies public fears, citing espionage. Several events after the Pearl Harbor attack fuel anti-Japanese sentiment; Lt. Gen. John DeWitt wants Japanese Americans removed from the West Coast.
Military Necessity (05:25)
DeWitt recommends establishing prohibited zones and then requests the removal of all Japanese west of the Sierra Nevada and Cascade Mountain ranges. The JACL remains active in demonstrating loyalty; anti-Japanese sentiment increases in the media. President Roosevelt signs Executive Order 9066.
Japanese Removal (05:07)
Public Proclamation No. 4 prohibits all Japanese from leaving military zones; a newsreel announces Japanese internment. Four assembly centers open in the San Joaquin Valley; Saburo recalls going to his school before he left.
Moving Preparations (03:59)
Many families have little time to report to assembly centers. Kiyo Sato recalls sentiments toward people of Japanese ancestry and talking with her parents. Ruth Katsura recalls the Fresno assembly center.
Assembly Centers (07:57)
Most fairgoers do not know the Fresno fairgrounds were once a concentration camp. Nakagawa describes the items his father took and center conditions. Saburo recalls his arrival. The Office of War Information film "Japanese Relocation" misrepresents the removal process.
Credits: Stories of Japanese-American Incarceration—Part 1 (03:00)
Credits: Stories of Japanese-American Incarceration—Part 1
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