The Ends of Sleep (02:44)
Jonathan Crary's book "24/7: Late Capitalism and the Ends of Sleep" illustrates how 21st century capitalism is fundamentally incompatible with living human beings.
Why Did You Write the Book? (02:52)
The cover of Crary's earlier book "Techniques of the Observer" led him to imagine the inability to shut one's eyes or experience circadian rhythms. This correlates with an increasing demand for nonstop activity.
How is Living in a 24/7 World? (01:38)
Productive and promotional activities have increased while privacy is disappearing due to surveillance and monitoring.
Non-Stop Working (01:55)
The neo-liberal system creates fear and anxiety among employees about falling behind. Crary discusses the idea of precarious labor and dispels the idea that 24/7 life is related to insomnia.
The Environment (03:26)
Crary discusses the idea that 24/7 life damages seasonal and daily rhythms necessary for ecological sustainability. The technological world depends on accelerated resource extraction, most of which occurs in the global south.
Economy and Destruction (01:28)
Crary disagrees with the notion that capitalism can continuously reinvent itself in a finite world. We are rapidly approaching environmental limits to growth.
Culture of Destruction (03:17)
Capitalism developed in the 1500s with European colonialism and imperialism. Crary discusses the legacy of Western expansion in North America, including the American Dream.
The U.S.A. and Neo-Liberalism (01:31)
Crary discusses how private, individual success is promoted at the expense of public institutions and civil society.
Origins of Destruction (02:00)
European settlers brought hierarchical social models that viewed indigenous people as disposable and justified their genocide.
Crary is researching global Internet culture and its American origins—including social interaction and mandatory consumption patterns. Social media can damage existing social support among communities in developing nations.
Credits: Critical Thinkers - Jonathan Crary (00:40)
Credits: Critical Thinkers - Jonathan Crary
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