Introduction: Climate Challenge: Part 3 (03:44)
Siwan Davies studies past climate changes to compare them to today's situation. This episode will explore effects in Norway and Costa Rica. The latter country plans to be carbon neutral by 2021. The Miravalles III powers around 27,000 homes combining solar, hydro, and wind technologies.
Northwest Costa Rica (02:39)
Severe droughts threaten the survival of traditional communities. Nomadic farmers move their farmers to graze on wetlands six miles away. The United Nations helps farmers in Guanacaste Province save a lake.
Farming in Costa Rica (03:37)
Anna Ester Urena, the local agricultural leader, describes changes to Guanacaste Province over the past twenty years. Human beings have to be educated about the effects of climate change. Continued investment is necessary for the lake's survival.
Reducing Emissions (03:19)
Costa Rica highways connect Central and South America. Not having an army helps the country pay for education and environment; the Minister for Environment and Energy plans on introducing electric cars and reducing pollution.
Protecting Rainforests (03:52)
Cahuita National Park is in danger of disappearing due to rising sea levels and increasing need for farm land. Animals lose their food and shelter due to diminishing coastline. Policies protect the environment; other countries should follow Costa Rica's leadership.
United Nations Development Program (03:17)
Markup monitors deforestation completed for agricultural purposes. Prime exports include pineapple and bananas instead of beef. What the organization has created in Costa Rica is replicable for any other country.
Next Stop: Norway (05:25)
Winters are becoming shorter and the ice is melting. Svalbard Satellite Station collects weather and atmospheric data from around the world. Glaciers recede in Longyearbyen; Norway is still heavily dependent on exporting oil and gas.
Arctic Wildlife (03:22)
Some fjords no longer freeze. Dr. Andreas Macke studies the effects of clouds on melting sea ice at the Liebniz Institute for Tropospheric Research.
Collecting Ice Columns (04:46)
Researchers study algae and marine life. Warmer air, a warmer ocean, melting glaciers, and a later winter season are all effects of climate change. Norwegians are moving their houses further inland due to erosion.
Droughts and floods threaten farmer's crops. Because the permafrost is melting, a flood occurs at the Global Seed Vault. Avalanche and Landslide risks escalate in Longyearbyen.
Hurting Norwegian Culture (02:30)
In Tromso, the landscape is green and full of trees. Climate change reduces the number of days to ski. Most people in Norway love snow.
Large Polluter (02:58)
Norway produces a lot of oil and gas that is burned elsewhere. In Bergen, researchers study carbon capture technologies. Carbon dioxide can be used to create polymers, building materials, and algae.
Farming reindeer is threatened because of the changing of the seasons. Norwegians celebrate the midnight sun during mid-summer.
Credits: Climate Challenge: Part 3 (00:28)
Credits: Climate Challenge: Part 3
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