Segments in this Video

Religious Response to Martyrs (03:14)


During the first century, Jerusalem was a Roman cultural and commercial center, but Roman occupiers and Herodian followers often had disputes with the Jews. Hear the accounts of Jewish general and historian Josephus.

Jewish-Roman War (05:44)

Dr. Avner Goren talks about the Roman destruction of the Jewish temple. Romans killed almost every living man, woman, and child within the city of Jerusalem. The wailing wall was all that was left of the temple in Jerusalem.

Apostle John's Revelation (06:02)

The last living apostle had to flee to the Greek island of Patmos. Jonathan Phillips visits a famous pilgrimage site on the island. The cave is where John is thought to have received the spiritual vision written down in the book of Revelations.

Book of Revelation (04:05)

Apocalypses are found in various religious literature. Dr. Larry Kreitzer states the only way to understand the prophetic vision is through the eyes of the audience at that time. The vision was a rallying call for the early Christian church to stop worshiping Roman rulers and gods.

Imperial Roman Cult (07:39)

Christianity was at a dangerous crossroads as small and unorganized churches struggled to survive without unified leadership. Roman Paganism was the dominant religion and pagans worshiped Roman leaders as gods. Dr. David Gwynn states, there was no distinction between religion and politics.

Ways to Achieve Salvation (07:59)

Second century Christianity is fraught with internal disagreements over theology. Dr. Rebecca Lyman explains there were many Christian sects later labeled as heretical. Phillips visits Lyon, where the early church leader Irenaeus would have severed as Bishop.

Developing Christian Theology (02:48)

Christian leaders outside of the Gnostics decided the only true gospels were Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. According to Rev. Andrew Taylor, the books represented the four ways of viewing the story of Jesus; they are now referred to as the synoptic gospels.

Christianity and Charitable Giving (06:26)

A battle over doctrine took place in Northern Africa as heretics and mainstream Christianity shaped the future of the church. In Carthage, Tertullian became an important religious figure. Charity and equality was a central idea within early Christianity.

Mountainous Caves of Early Christians (07:55)

Within the city of Cappadocia, a unique Christian community emerged. The Christians created villages and underground cities within the caves. Mustafa Turgut talks with Phillips about the significance of the community in the primarily Roman Pagan region.

Credits: From Apocalypse to Heresies (01:12)

Credits: From Apocalypse to Heresies

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Episode 4: From Apocalypse to Heresies (Ancient Roads from Christ to Constantine)

Part of the Series : Ancient Roads from Christ to Constantine
3-Year Streaming Price: $169.95



Patmos Island, where John was exiled, is visited. Also: heretics who claimed special knowledge of Jesus.

Length: 56 minutes

Item#: BVL151162

Copyright date: ©2015

Closed Captioned

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