Until 2006, more than half of the world's population lived in rural areas. Urbanization rates have created megacities with 10 million or more residents. Mumbai is strategically located for domestic and international trade, and population growth reflects its commercial expansion.
Birth rates have declined. Rural Indians leave villages due to extreme poverty and the lack of utilities, medical facilities, and schools. Few return to agricultural lives; work is laborious and low paying.
Booming finance and banking sectors create knowledge economy jobs in Mumbai that attract educated youth. Middle and upper classes are growing, as are living costs. Slum dwellers live on the streets for years; they stay in hopes of better educational and job opportunities for their children.
Credits: Urbanization and Megacities
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Using Mumbai as case study, Urbanization and Megacities explores reasons for rapid urbanization in low income countries and newly emerging economies leading to the rise of megacities. It explores location and importance of Mumbai and causes of its urban growth, while illustrating challenges, opportunities, and inequalities found within a megacity.
Length: 24 minutes
Copyright date: ©2019
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