Artistic Landscapes (03:38)
Landscapes have not always depicted the reality of the world. Ansel Adams captured images of Yosemite Park in "Monolith, The Face of Half Dome." (Credits)
First Depicted Landscapes (04:49)
When China was divided into feuding states during the tenth century, artists wanted to paint images of tranquility. Li Chen promoted order and harmony with ink and brush drawings.
Chinese Art (02:49)
In the 11th century, the Chinese established painting academies and wrote books. Bureaucrats were expected to pass exams in calligraphy. Qiao Zhongchang depicted “Illustration to the Second Prose Poem of the Red Cliff.”
Cultural Revolution (02:37)
Mao Zedong wanted to reinvent China. Subjected to solitary confinement, forced labor, and house arrest, Mu Xin began drawing on the paper supplied for confessions during his incarceration.
Lahore, Pakistan (04:08)
Landscapes portrayed mastery over the natural world in the Islamic tradition; the Quran portrayed heaven with water flowing beneath. Mughal Emperors built palaces and pavilions with walls that contained images of gardens and nature. Carpet weaving originated in Central Asia over 2,000 years ago.
Tangiers, Morocco (03:03)
Tribes and ethnic peoples incorporated different techniques, patterns, and dyes. The Quran prohibited drawing animals or humans. Carpets during the 19th century were symbolic representations of the natural world.
Veneto, Italy (05:14)
Andrea Palladio helped Daniele Barbaro build The Villa Barbaro. Paolo Veronese painted allegorical frescoes, incorporating the owner's family and friends.
Bavaria, Germany (05:14)
Albrecht Altdorfer depicted religious scenes until he became fascinated with landscapes. "Landscape with Woodcutter" was a symbolic representation of Jesus Christ. The Berlin Wall was erected after World War II; citizens turned it into a sight of artistic expression.
Art and Politics (03:23)
Pieter Bruegel attempted to unite his country with landscape paintings. "The Hunters in the Snow" depicted a composite of a Flemish and Italian town. Antwerp fell to a Spanish Catholic Army in 1569.
Beemster, Holland (04:15)
In the 17th century, landscape art focused on national identity. Approximately 200,000 acres of the Zuiderzee became a pasture during wartime. Jacob van Ruisdal transformed the windmill into a hero.
Artistic Romanticism (04:55)
John Constable combined scientific curiosity with his disdain for industrialization. J.M.W. Turner placed epic allegorical struggles within a landscape. Thomas Cole depicted a wild America; Luminism concealed brush strokes and employed lighting techniques.
Ansel Adams pioneered an approach that raised photography to an art form; the Voyager spacecraft carried his images into space. Richard Misrach explored the conflict between the natural and civilized worlds.
Cosmic Sublime (02:27)
In December 1972, the Apollo Spacecraft photographed Earth; an example of the planet becoming landscape. Carl Sagan requested that the voyager take a picture of Earth from the edge of the solar system.
Credits: Paradise on Earth: Episode 6 (00:31)
Credits: Paradise on Earth: Episode 6
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