Operation No Safe Haven (02:07)
In 2014, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement launched the operation to arrest fugitive foreign nationals suspected of human rights violations and war crimes. The U.N. ratified the principle behind the tactics as an international obligation after WWII.
Cold War Era Conflicts (07:37)
The U.S. and the Soviet Union never reached direct conflict, but nations that allied to either super power engaged in proxy wars that were plagued by atrocities. The Vietnam War took a heavy toll on civilians and soldiers. Former military personnel discuss the massacre at My Lai; a cover-up began immediately.
My Lai Massacre Revealed (06:39)
Ron Haeberle released photographs to the Cleveland Plain Dealer; public outcry pushed the Army to conduct a formal inquiry. Gen. William Peers released a comprehensive report in 1970. Laws prevented many members of Charlie Company from facing trial; Capt. Ernest Medina and Lt. William Calley were tried.
Investigating My Lai (04:45)
The Nixon Administration publicly portrayed the massacre as an isolated incident while gathering all war crime allegations. Documents created by the Vietnam War Crimes Working Group detailed atrocities committed by American troops; My Lai was part of a pattern.
War on Terror (04:40)
The U.S. began operations shortly after 9/11. In 2003, U.S. personnel broke the pledge to conduct the war in accordance with international laws and conventions; photographs at Abu Ghraib Prison generated global condemnation and inquiries were launched. Prisoners in Guantanamo Bay were subject to torture.
Episode of Exemption (07:20)
In November 2001, the Northern Alliance captured several Taliban soldiers; Jennifer Leaning heard rumors of a mass grave in Dasht-e Leili. Human rights investigators gathered evidence of war crimes and pushed for an investigation. The Bush and Obama Administrations refused to conduct a war crime inquiry.
Guatemalan Genocide (06:12)
The Guatemalan Forensic Anthropology Foundation was established to identify victims of a 30-year civil war; guerillas and the government engaged in human rights violations. Dr. Clyde Snow and Fredy Peccerelli exhumed bodies from mass graves.
Missing Persons and Documentation (06:06)
Snow and Peccerelli examined records from La Verbena Cemetery; records led to the investigation and exhumation of nearby pits. Human rights investigators targeted military installations and discovered hundreds of bodies and secret government archives.
Determining Historical Truth (07:42)
The process formally began in the mid-1990s. The Guatemalan Army was found responsible for kidnapping, illegal questioning, torture, disappearances, and executions; state sponsored terror peaked during the command of Gen. Jose Efrain Rios Montt. Claudia Paz y Paz explored indictments for perpetrators.
Credits: Dead Reckoning: Episode 2 (00:31)
Credits: Dead Reckoning: Episode 2
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