Educational Inequalities in 1950 (02:25)
In the 1950s, America's public schools teem with the promise of a new, postwar generation of students. Racial and gender inequalities are rampant in America's schools.
Racial Segregation and the N.A.A.C.P. (06:10)
Activists, parents, and students begin the crusade against the racially segregated schools. The N.A.A.C.P. uses education to eliminate segregation by taking its case to the Supreme Court.
Brown vs. Board of Education (03:20)
Topeka, Kansas, is the seat of the N.A.A.C.P.'s first attempt to enroll a black student in a white school. Linda Brown relates her experiences that resulted in Brown v. Board of Education in 1954.
Court Decision Aftermath (04:47)
Whites do not want black and white children to attend school together, yet integration gradually takes place. States' rights issues are disputed. The National Guard becomes involved in racial issues.
Civil Rights Movement (05:52)
Decades after the Supreme Court decision, 98 percent of black children still attend segregated schools. Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act in 1964.
Mexican-American Struggles (03:14)
Students are urged to get a good education in order to get good jobs. For many young Mexican Americans the American Dream is out of reach, and the road to opportunity is closed.
Chicano Civil Rights Movement (05:27)
Chicano students battle local school boards for equality of education and opportunity. Students call for walkouts across the nation. Chicanos gain control of the local school board.
Bilingual Education (02:47)
An outgrowth of Johnson's War on Poverty, the Bilingual Education Act offers federal money to help schools meet the needs of children whose first language is not English.
Gender Equality (05:03)
In the 1970s feminist leaders push for laws that would protect women's civil rights, demanding equal opportunity in employment. Females are denied equal opportunities at school.
Title IX and Disabilities Act (04:10)
Title IX guarantees more opportunities for females and opens more doors for female graduates. Children with disabilities also receive attention and are included in regular schools.
Controversy Over Bussing (03:57)
In 1972 a federal judge makes a landmark decision and requires student bussing to equalize educational opportunities. Busing arouses growing controversy across the country.
Education Reform (04:22)
The Supreme Court overturns the Brown decision and urban schools are left on their own. The push for equality brings the federal courts and the government into the schools.
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