Segments in this Video

Hector Berlioz (03:03)


The French Revolution heralded a century of revolution and political change throughout Europe. The key word for the music of Berlioz is 'dramatic.' His "Te Deum" and "Requiem" were both written to honor France's heroic dead.

Te Deum by Berlioz (03:58)

A performance of "Te Deum" is conducted by Claudio Abbado.

Franz Liszt (01:21)

Franz Liszt was the first pianist to turn the piano at right angles to the audience, and the first to use the word 'recital' for a piano performance. He has a religious mystical side to him. He turned the piano into an instrument of epic power and poetry.

Franz Liszt's "Legend" (04:55)

Pianist Alfred Brendle performs Liszt's "Legend."

Hungarian National Music (01:58)

Liszt became director of music at Weimar, and he took holy orders. The Hungarian Revolution needed a cultural patron, and Liszt was that person. He wrote many compositions that he perceived to be Hungarian national music.

"Fantasia on Hungarian Folk Melodies" (03:24)

The Budapest Symphony Orchestra performs Liszt's "Fantasia on Hungarian Folk Melodies."

Italian Nationhood (02:20)

Verdi as an opera composer was in the closest touch with the Italian people. For the Italians, Verdi was the symbol of nationhood. An excerpt from Verdi’s "Va pensiero" from Nabucco is included.

Verdi: Prolific Operatic Composer (01:26)

Though "Nabucco" was his first triumph in 1842, Verdi went on to write 19 operas in 15 years. His operas were less nationalistic and more political in content. He presented huge audiences with great theatrical works.

Excerpt from "Aida" (06:16)

Enjoy the great tenor aria "Celeste Aida" and a great dramatic moment from later in "Aida."

Verdi's "Requiem" (05:15)

Verdi wrote "Requiem" to honor the Italian nationalist writer Manzoni. Listen to an excerpt from this dramatic piece. As an operatic composer, Verdi could express the gamut of other people's experiences and emotions.

Excerpts from "Tannhäuser" (04:32)

In 1848 revolutions broke out all over Europe. Richard Wagner exiled himself till things calmed down. He was already known for operas such as "Tannhäuser." Listen to dramatic excerpts from the opera.

Summary of "The Ring of the Nibelung" (04:10)

Richard Wagner persuaded King Ludwig II of Bavaria to build a new opera house. In 1876 the Bayreuth Opera Festival opened with the epic work "The Ring of the Nibelung." Listen to a summary of the epic opera series.

"Siegfried Idyll" (03:19)

Richard Wagner married Franz Liszt's daughter. To honor the birth of their son, Wagner composed "Siegfried Idyll." An excerpt from this work is included.

Prelude to "Tristan und Isolde" (06:34)

In opera, Wagner revolutionized the form by getting rid of the recitative-aria format, and thereby he revolutionized musical form itself. An excerpt from Prelude to "Tristan und Isolde" is included.

Wagner's "New" Music (03:54)

Wagner's music is not tied to formal patterns and harmonic rules. His music is the precursor to 20th-century music. "Die Meistersinger" expresses the theme of artist and society. An excerpt from the opera is included.

Credits: Nationalism and Revolution (01:12)

Credits: Nationalism and Revolution

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Nationalism and Revolution

Part of the Series : Music in Time
DVD Price: $99.95
DVD + 3-Year Streaming Price: $149.93
3-Year Streaming Price: $99.95



The French Revolution ushered in a century of nationalism and political change throughout Europe; composers identified with causes and expressed them in music. Performances include Berlioz’ Requiem, conducted by Leonard Bernstein; Wagner’s Meistersinger with the Bayreuth Festival Orchestra; Verdi’s Requiem with the La Scala Opera Company. Contents include excerpts from: Berlioz’ Requiem; Liszt’s Légend, Fantasia on Hungarian Folk Themes; Verdi’s "Va pensiero" from Nabucco, "Celeste Aida" and other Aida excerpts, Requiem; Wagner’s Tannhäuser, Siegfried Idyll, Prelude to Tristan und Isolde, Die Meistersinger. (58 minutes)

Length: 59 minutes

Item#: BVL725

ISBN: 978-0-7365-6336-9

Copyright date: ©1982

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