Beethoven's Music (03:11)
Beethoven changed the course of musical history, says James Galway. He expresses the full range of human emotion in his music. Mozart influenced the young Beethoven.
Suffering Genius (00:51)
Beethoven suffered greatly in his life from loneliness, lost love, sickness, and ultimately, his deafness. The piano he played in the last four years of his life was specially altered so he could feel the vibrations of the notes.
Quartet Opus 18 No. 1 (03:11)
In his early years, Beethoven wrote music for the domestic enjoyment of the nobility. Viewers hear his Quartet Opus 18 No. 1.
Musical Success in Vienna (01:19)
Though Beethoven became recognized as a virtuoso pianist, he came to resent his subservience to a "capricious aristocracy." Born into a time of political upheaval, he believed his music could influence the times.
Finale of Symphony No. 3 (Eroica Symphony) (08:49)
Napoleon, Beethoven's hero, inspired his Third Symphony. Viewers hear part of the finale of the symphony that came to be named the Eroica Symphony. It was a revolutionary hit written in praise of revolutionary leaders.
Moonlight Sonata (09:19)
The piano was the perfect medium for Beethoven's piano sonatas. Viewers hear the final movement of Beethoven's "Moonlight Sonata." Close-ups of the pianist's intricate fingering are included.
Beethoven's Fidelio (09:48)
Excerpts from a letter to his brother reveal Beethoven's agonizing despair yet determination to do what he is compelled to do. He chooses to live alone. Viewers watch excerpts from Beethoven's opera "Fidelio."
Symphony No. 6 (Pastoral Symphony) (06:36)
Beethoven's Pastoral Symphony was written in Heiligenstadt on a summer's day. His musical ideas, he said, come from nature. Viewers hear the second movement from the Pastoral Symphony.
Beethoven's Inner Journey (01:45)
As his deafness increased, Beethoven became more and more withdrawn, irascible, and introspective. His philosophy delved into the nature of life and ultimately the spiritual path. Viewers see Beethoven memorabilia.
Quartet Opus 135 (07:03)
Written late in his life, the Quartet Opus 135 expresses an acquiescence to what his life had become, yet it is also light in tone. Viewers listen to the Quartet.
Beethoven's Ode to Joy (04:22)
In Beethoven's last symphony, the complex suffering of this unhappy genius poured out of concern and deep love for mankind. Viewers hear the last movement of Symphony No. 9. (Ode to Joy) under the direction of Leonard Bernstein.
Credits: The Revolutionary (01:16)
Credits: The Revolutionary
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