Music is More Than a Job (01:42)
James Galway plays the flute with an orchestra. He explains that music is one of the first ways we learn about a past culture.
Music of the 20th Century (05:06)
From 1975 to 1899, George Ligeti, Olivier Messiaen, Benjamin Britten, George Gershwin, Igor Stravinsky, Gustav Mahler, and Arnold Schoenberg, provide something new and different for audiences.
Music of the 19th Century (03:31)
From 1893 to 1803, Peter Czajkowski, Richard Wagner, Frederic Chopin, Franz Schubert, and Beethoven make profound statements with their music.
Music of the 18th Century (03:21)
From 1785 to 1747, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Joseph Haydn, Johann Sebastian Bach, and George Frideric Handel provide pivotal contributions in classical music.
Music of the 17th Century (01:48)
In 1692, Henry Purcell wrote an ode in celebration of Saint Cecilia. In 1607, Monteverdi wrote the first opera to be regularly performed.
Music of the 16th and 15th Centuries (02:36)
In 1597, Giovanni Gabrieli's music is played in Italy, the musical center of York. In 1600, John Ireland's song writing reflects the golden age of Queen Elizabeth I. In 1450, Guillaume Dufay inspires France and northern Europe.
Music of the 12th Century and Earlier (01:27)
More often than not, the names of composers in the 12th century are not known. Oral traditions make it unnecessary to write down music. Gregorian chant is the first music to be written on paper; it goes back to 500 AD.
Music is Something Unique (02:12)
Carlo Maria Giulini discusses the characteristics of music and its importance in life. If one is open, the music will talk to him or her.
Ancient Musical Sounds (04:13)
Music is not written down but written about in ancient Rome. Ancient Greeks believe music is a source of power. Man's first songs are celebratory. The oldest surviving religious sound is from the Jewish shofar.
Early Songs of Man (02:32)
An expert discusses the organization of sound, including pitch and rhythm, by primitive man.
Nature Provides Man's First Instruments (04:47)
Surviving folk traditions show man's ability to make music through nature's materials; animal hides for drums and cut canes for flutes. Wind instruments are thought to be the oldest and most widely spread instrument.
Descendants of Early Instruments (02:34)
Bagpipes are an early offspring of the oboe family. The kantele is the simplest successor of the lyre; the violin is the most sophisticated. A hurdy-gurdy accompanies a drum and a reed pipe.
Folk Groups Keep Traditions Alive (01:52)
Folk groups from around the world demonstrate the traditions of music and dancing; music is mainly celebratory.
Music Answers a Need (02:59)
Music is used to express both grief and joy. A Scottish lament mourns the loss of a husband in battle. Communal music making with religious fervor heightens a moment. A mother lulls her baby to sleep with a song.
Music From a Western Perspective (04:11)
Artists engage in performances in Moscow, Budapest, Vienna, England, and Helsinki. Piano players perform classical pieces in homes in Warsaw and Vienna.
Modern Artists Perform Classical Pieces (04:20)
A quartet plays the music of Joseph Haydn in the "Hall of Mirrors." Actors perform Mozart's opera "Don Giovanni" in Prague. Orchestras perform in Prague, Moscow, Bremen Cathedral in Germany and the Birmingham town hall.
Modern Artists Perform Classical Pieces: Part II (04:03)
"Pro Cantione Antiqua" performs Renaissance masterpieces. A Milan orchestra plays "Verde's Requiem." The "D'Oyly Carte Opera Company" performs in London. The Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra performs a piece from "Music in Time."
Man, the Incarnation of Music (05:25)
Christoph Gluck writes music on the myth of Orpheus. Artists, including James Galway, perform Gluck's "The Dance of the Blessed Spirits;" historical paintings accompany the music.
Credits: Vibrations and Pagan Rites (01:19)
Credits: Vibrations and Pagan Rites
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