Early Jesus Followers (01:06)
This segment orients viewers to Paul's firsthand accounts of Christianity's formation.
Paul's Story: Prologue (02:45)
The "Acts of the Apostles" mentions Paul's arrival in Jerusalem, but omits that he brought gold. In this film, scholars will discuss his role in the formation of Christianity. (Credits)
Why Turn Back? (02:32)
In 58 AD, Paul worried that Jerusalem Christians wouldn't accept his collection. Scholars will examine his original letters to learn why he risked his life to deliver the money.
Paul's Conversion (03:57)
Scholars discuss how Saul of Tarsus perceived Jesus appearing to him in 33 AD. He drew messianic inspiration from Abraham.
Paul's Message (02:03)
After failing to convert followers in Nabatea, Paul turned to Jerusalem, hoping to win support among Jesus' apostles.
"So Called" Apostles (02:53)
Jerusalem Christians were suspicious of Paul. He convinced Peter of his conversion, but they parted on uneasy terms.
Preaching to Pagans (04:20)
Hear how Paul split from Barnabas' Jewish mission and formed a strategy to convert Gentiles directly to Jesus. James summoned Paul to Jerusalem.
Pressuring the Apostles (04:44)
Scholars describe James' suspicion of Paul. Hear how Paul and Titus used circumcision to try to win Judean support of Gentile conversion.
Paul's Polite Bribe (03:53)
James' followers refused to eat with Gentiles, threatening Christian unity. Paul proposed to raise money for the Jerusalem Church in return for its support of his mission.
Converting the Roman World (02:15)
Paul headed west with Silas, Timothy, and Titus to Greco-Roman lands, converting Gentiles with his unifying message.
Rising and Dying Gods (01:13)
Scholars discuss why Greeks were resistant to the Resurrection in Paul's gospel.
Fundraising Strategy (03:17)
Paul arrived in Corinth in 52 A.D. Scholars explain why he worked as a tent maker to avoid handouts under the patronage system. News of Church factions sent him back to Antioch.
Breaking with Barnabas (03:31)
Paul found Jews and Gentiles eating at separate tables in Antioch. He accused Peter of submitting to James and left to start a new Gentile mission.
Under Caesar's Nose (03:05)
Paul used his Roman citizenship to win converts and had success in Philippi. Hear how he challenged the Pax Romana with an alternative to military conquest.
Nervous Breakdown (04:47)
Paul converted Artemis followers in Ephesus in 52 A.D., causing a riot. He was arrested and experienced anxiety over his churches. Scholars compare his suffering to that of Christ.
Pseudo Apostles (06:03)
Paul learned that Jewish Christians were infiltrating his Corinthian congregation to stop his Jerusalem collection; no Gentiles came to his defense.
Paul's Collection (02:30)
In 56 A.D., Paul brought money to Jerusalem with Gentile disciples and Roman guards. While waiting for passage, he wrote a final letter.
Paul's Last Will and Testament (06:15)
The Roman Church gained a Gentile majority during Jewish exile. Scholars discuss Paul's Rome mission and his argument for Christian unity expressed in a letter to Jerusalem.
Entering the Lion's Mouth (03:53)
Paul arrived in Jerusalem, claiming his revelation trumped the Apostles' earlier association with Jesus. Scholars analyze his decision to deliver the collection in person.
James' Requirements (03:25)
James temporarily agreed to Paul's mission in Jerusalem. He told Paul to "launder" the Gentile collection through the Temple; many Jews didn't want the money at all.
Sound the Alarm (04:31)
Paul's Gentile companions were discovered in the Temple. Paul was dragged outside, beaten, and arrested by Roman guards. Scholars discuss why Jews didn't defend him.
Hands Dirty (01:38)
Scholars discuss James' role in Paul's ambush and arrest.
Gentile Mission (01:52)
Scholars speculate whether Jesus would have approved of Paul's gospel, had he lived to see the split with James.
Paul's Demise (02:29)
After Romans destroyed the Temple, only Paul's teachings remained and the Church became Gentile. He likely died in a Roman prison, believing his mission a failure.
Paul's Story: Epilogue (03:04)
Paul's conflict with James and the Jewish Christians led to his imprisonment and death. Scholars discuss Luke's motive for omitting the early Church split.
Credits: Apostle Paul: A Polite Bribe (02:09)
Credits: Apostle Paul: A Polite Bribe
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