Segments in this Video

The Study of Philosophy and Science (02:33)


Philosophy of science is the critical study of science and scientific reasoning. Loewer and Putnam give their views on the definition. Philosophy and science are closely related and intermingled.

Aristotle's Classification of Sciences (03:28)

Ancient Greeks like Plato sought scientific explanations outside myth and religion. Aristotle's classification of the sciences is outlined. He applied logic in his "Posterior Analytics."

Euclid and Ockham (03:09)

Euclid's axiom mathematical method set the standard for scientific methodology. "Ockham's Razor" is the principal that the simplest account to explain a phenomenon should be preferred.

Great Minds of the Renaissance (03:54)

The Renaissance brought forth scientists Calpernicus, Kepler and Galileo. Their radical theories of the solar system, mathematics and scientific measurements are unprecedented.

Francis Bacon (02:28)

Bacon is a catalyst in the scientific revolution. According to him, truth can be obtained only through experimentation.

Newton's Four Rules of Reasoning (03:08)

In his "Principia Mathematica," Newton describes universal gravitation, outlines his laws of nature and motion and lays the groundwork for classical mechanics. His four rules of reasoning are outlined.

Science in the 18th and 19th Centuries (02:26)

Aristotle's law of causation, Hume's argument of this theory, and Kott's case for inductive reasoning are discussed. Science explodes in the 18th and 19th centuries; reason prevails over ignorance.

Vienna Circle: Strassen and Popper (04:33)

The Vienna circle initiates "logical positivism" and "verificationism." Strassen's principle of "uniformalism" and Popper's "falsificationism" are discussed.

Three Paradigms (05:10)

Goodman argues against inductive logic, stating observation can never confirm a theory. Bayes' theory and Kuhn's paradigm are discussed.

Einstein's Theory of Relativity (02:50)

The 20th century introduces Einstein's Theory of Relativity. His theories defy the Euclidian conception of the world. Centuries-old theories of space, time, matter and motion become obsolete.

Quantum Mechanics (03:16)

Loewer states the theory of quantum mechanics was developed in stages. The theories of Maxwell, Bohr and Planck are profiled.

The Quantum Theory of Line-Spectra (02:37)

The quantum theory of line-spectra holds that an object is only in one place when it is observed. Einstein debates this theory.

Quantum Theory vs. Relativity (02:52)

The quantum theory and the theory of relativity are outlined. The debate over these theories still rages, an ongoing and intense dialog between scientists and philosophers.

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Philosophy of Science

Part of the Series : Great Ideas of Philosophy II
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Does science explain the world, or does it simply describe it? Can science ever be truly objective? What is the boundary between science and non-science? Does nature have laws? This program seeks to answer questions such as these through the insights of Princeton University’s Daniel Garber; Hilary Putnam, of Harvard University; and Barry Loewer, of Rutgers University. Ranging from the Physics of Aristotle to the competing physics paradigms of Einstein and Bohr, the program illustrates the progression of scientific thought from ancient times, through the Renaissance, to the 21st century. Part of the series Great Ideas of Philosophy II. (46 minutes)

Length: 46 minutes

Item#: BVL32712

ISBN: 978-1-4213-1505-8

Copyright date: ©2004

Closed Captioned

Reviews & Awards

"High school students, all college science students, and philosophy students should all see this excellent film."—Counterpoise Magazine

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