Segments in this Video

Long Night's Journey Into Day: Introduction (02:00)


This segment orients viewers to the topic of Apartheid and the Truth and Reconciliation Commission formed to address the crimes committed under its banner.

Amy Biehl Amnesty Trial (01:35)

Violence escalated throughout South Africa in the final days of Apartheid. Amy Biehl's killers were among the first to apply for amnesty with the TRC.

Amnesty Trial- July, 1997 (02:07)

A lawyer reads Mongezi Manqina's affidavit describing Amy Biehl's murder. Peter Biehl recalls learning of his daughter's death.

Mongezi Manqina (02:50)

Manqina's cousins share their feelings about Amy Biehl's death; hear Manqina's final statements in his affidavit. Manqina discusses his lifestyle before the murder and the events leading up to it.

No Mercy in Their Hearts (02:25)

Easy Nofemela states that Apartheid dictated Amy Biehl's murder. Mongezi Manqina explains how Amy's death would accomplish their objective. Manqina's mother expresses remorse.

Supporting the People of South Africa (03:09)

Amy Biehl's parents met Mongezi Manqina's mother. They explain their reaction to the Manqina family and the amnesty trial. Mongezi recalls learning about Amy's personality.

Embracing Truth and Reconciliation (01:41)

Peter Biehl reads a letter his daughter wrote to a Capetown newspaper; the Biehl family honors reconciliation. Manqina was surprised the Biehl family did not oppose his amnesty.

Unique Amnesty Process (01:29)

The TRC has conditional amnesty; the goal is to get the truth so that the country can heal.

Focal Point of Anti-Apartheid Resistance (02:04)

Teachers Matthew Goniwe and Fort Calata mobilized the youth of Cradock and were targeted by the security police. The men and two colleagues were murdered on June 27, 1985.

Eastern Cape- April, 1996 (02:15)

Goniwe and Calata's wives, Nyameka and Nomonde, attend the Cradock 4 amnesty trial. Eric Taylor discusses his role on the security force.

Cradock (04:07)

Nomonde Calata and Nyameka Goniwe learned that Eric Taylor applied for amnesty and wanted to meet. They discuss forgiveness. Taylor explains why he came forward.

Cradock 4 Amnesty Trial (02:44)

Eric Taylor is one of five applying for amnesty; he killed Fort Calata. Hear the men's statements describing the murders; the widows oppose amnesty.

Facing the Murder (02:42)

Nomonde Calata cannot make peace with how her husband died. Desmond Tutu discusses retributive versus restorative justice. (Graphic images)

Cradock 4 TRC Trial (03:25)

Full disclosure and political motive are required for amnesty. A lawyer accuses Eric Taylor of deliberately lying. George Bizos describes the trial audience's role.

Cradock 4 Funeral- June, 1985 (02:57)

Nomonde Calata recalls the massive crowd; see the funeral procession. The prominent communist flag was a statement against the South African government.

Desire to Overcome Tragedy (03:16)

Eric Taylor confirms his motive for murder. Nomonde Calata wonders why the killers allowed themselves to be used. Taylor and Calata want to put the pain behind them.

Public Process for Healing (01:59)

Covering the TRC trials is a personal process for Jann Turner.

Spear of the Nation (02:21)

The MK was the ANC's military wing; Robert McBride discusses his involvement. See news coverage of a raid against the MK in Gabarone, Botswana.

Durban Bombings- June, 1985 (03:15)

A witness describes the bombing and ensuing chaos. Mk member, Robert McBride explains his actions and recalls his arrest. Fear shattered the feeling of safety in Durban.

Applying for Amnesty (02:21)

Robert McBride was freed from jail. He felt it necessary to apply for amnesty; Sharon Welgemoed testified at his trial. 80% of those applying for amnesty are black.

Robert McBride's 1999 Amnesty Hearing (04:41)

McBride reads his statement and explains why he bombed the Why Not Bar. Sharon Welgemoed is angry.

Reconciliation is a National Project (04:02)

All South Africans emerged from a difficult past. On March 3, 1986, a group of young men were killed. See a news report on the Guguletu 7. (Graphic images)

Guguletu (01:36)

An official inquest into the Guguletu 7 occurred in 1986. It found that the men were killed during a legitimate anti-terrorist operation. A victim's mother recalls the hearing.

Cape Town- November, 1996 (03:36)

Irene Mxinwa, Cynthia Ngewu, and Eunice Miya testify at the Guguletu TRC hearing; Desmond Tutu addresses the women.

Guguletu 7 Funeral (02:28)

Journalist, Tony Weaver discusses the crowd; see the funeral procession. One of the Guguletu 7's mothers was arrested after the funeral.

Guguletu 7 Hearing (04:02)

Nine local police officers appear as witnesses. They watch the police-made video of the killings; the mothers become extremely upset. Experts discuss the benefit of showing the video. (Graphic images)

Amnesty Hearing- November, 1997 (02:54)

Only two of the 25 police involved in the Guguletu 7 incident applied for amnesty. Sgt. Bellingan and Constable Mbelo testify. (Graphic images)

Lured into a Trap (02:12)

Sgt. Bellingan and Constable Mbelo were sent from Vlakplaas; Mbelo infiltrated a group of angry youths. Guguletu 7 family members discuss Mbelo's involvement. (Graphic images)

Amnesty Suitability (04:03)

Constable Mbelo had no feelings as a Vlakplaas officer. TRC members question Sgt. Bellingan's admission of guilt and remorse.

Mbelo Requests a Meeting (01:16)

With support from the TRC, Guguletu 7 family members prepare to meet Constable Mbelo.

Open Dialogue (06:42)

Constable Mbelo answers questions from the mothers of the Guguletu 7 and asks for forgiveness. See pictures of the murdered men.

Epilogue (01:57)

Amy Biehl's killers receive amnesty; Mongezi Manqina's mother has mixed emotions.

Epilogue: II (00:21)

In 1999, Eric Taylor and his fellow applicants were denied amnesty. Robert McBride was granted amnesty in 2001. Bellingan and Constable Mbelo received amnesty in 2002.

Credits: Long Night's Journey Into Day (03:26)

Credits: Long Night's Journey Into Day

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Long Night's Journey Into Day

3-Year Streaming Price: $199.95



South Africa's innovative Peace and Reconciliation Commissions attempted to allow South Africans to confront their past and heal the scars of apartheid. For over forty years, South Africa was governed by the most notorious form of racial domination since Nazi Germany. When it finally collapsed, those who had enforced apartheid's rule wanted amnesty for their crimes; their victims wanted justice. As a compromise, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) was formed. By revealing the past instead of burying it, the TRC hoped to pave the way to a peaceful future. Long Night's Journey Into Day follows several TRC cases over a two-year period. The stories in the film underscore the universal themes of conflict, forgiveness, and renewal. (95 minutes)

Length: 95 minutes

Item#: BVL57850

Copyright date: ©2000

Closed Captioned

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