Segments in this Video

Confronting Disease (02:09)


In 1885, Louis Pasteur inoculated Joseph Meister against rabies. In 1928, Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin. In 1945, Nazi camps performed human experiments. An expert discusses acceptable experimentation. (Graphic images)

1932-1972 Tuskegee Guinea Pigs (01:45)

Doctors experimented on 400 black, illiterate, agricultural workers who had syphilis. In 1988, France implemented ethical legislation for clinical trials.

Free and Enlightened Consent (01:52)

Anne-Marie Masquelier explains patient consent. The drug validation procedure involves three stages. Dr. Scholl at the Curie Institute validates revolutionary cancer treatments.

Informed Consent (02:08)

Dr. Tremolliere reviews the consent form with an HIV patient and discusses the power of medical authority. Dr. Scholl discusses the third stage of her clinical trial.

Trial Protocols Strictly Controlled (03:21)

Anne-Marie Masquelier discusses ethic committee involvement. Dr. Tremolliere discusses the difficulty of over-medication. The human potential of the third world is attractive to medical multinationals.

Scandal in Lagos (03:27)

In 1996, a cerebral meningitis epidemic occurred in Kano. Pfizer sent four researchers to test Trovan on children. A father discusses his son's reaction to treatment.

11 Children Dead in Kano (04:12)

A nurse recalls his young brother's final days. Lawyer Mr. Ishola discusses Trovan's toxicity. Dr. Tremolliere discusses the accusation of Trovan after-affects. Marc Gastellu discusses hope.

Respecting Ethical Rules (03:53)

Experts debate Pfizer's approach to treating Nigerian children with Trovan and their obtainment of informed consent; Pfizer faces legal proceedings.

Clinical Trial Impunity (03:07)

A father seeks compensation for money to heal his son. Trovan was commercialized in the U.S. in 1998 but is now limited. An expert considers if the rich against the poor is an inevitable scenario.

Respecting Niakhar Culture (04:03)

The Institute for Research and Development (IRD) has been monitoring 40.000 people for over 40 years. Ethical questions are day-to-day concerns for researchers; they have high standards.

Collective Conscious Dilemma (01:56)

A village chief explains how the IRD program was implemented among his constituents. Experts discuss African cultural factors that can affect the giving of free consent.

Straining Ethical Rules? (04:53)

The village chief describes an incident 30 years ago that has caused long-term distrust towards the IRD. Experts discuss creating mutual exchange schemes between the population and medical teams. (Brief nudity)

AIDS Epidemic in Thailand (03:21)

Consumer sex is a traditional and cultural phenomenon. The Chonburi hospital receives 100s of patients every day. Dr. Seur discusses a patient's multiple challenges.

Clinical Trials Offer a Chance at Life (03:45)

The HIV-NAT foundation develops protocols against AIDS for government organizations. Experts discuss enlightened consent in the face of a grave illness and little options.

Thai HIV patients Desperate for Help (02:58)

Unscrupulous businessmen market V-1 as a miracle drug; Wednesday Friends fights V-1 with information campaigns. Dr. Seur leads a private organization to help AIDS patients receive treatment.

Chameleon Center (01:59)

The organization is home to HIV orphans. Krisana Kraisintu discusses the healthcare injustice affecting Thais. She created GPO-Vir and supplies it for $20 a month.

Medical Ethics and Human Commitment (01:35)

In terms of ethics and technology, the South seeks to via with the North in terms of medical research. Krisana Kraisintu dreams that the poor will have access to treatment in Africa.

Credits: Patients in North, Guinea Pigs in South (00:39)

Credits: Patients in North, Guinea Pigs in South

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Patients in North, Guinea Pigs in South

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The North has established extreme strict principles and regulations in the field of human medical experimentation.“Enlightened consent” is demanded of patients recruited uniquely on a volunteer basis. But do these principles apply in the South where ethical commissions are often, to some degree, ineffective or even non-existent, and where medical trials are frequently the only way poorer patients can gain access to treatments that would otherwise be financially out of reach? (52 minutes)

Length: 52 minutes

Item#: BVL54926

ISBN: 978-0-81608-990-1

Copyright date: ©2003

Closed Captioned

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Only available in USA and Canada.