Civilization Clash (02:56)
In 1998, an Amazon hunter gatherer tribe encountered the modern world for the first time. In this series, Andrew Marr will cover 70,000 years of human history.
Journey out of Africa (04:56)
70,000 years ago, hunter gatherers who adapted to climate changes grew more organized. They developed language, clothing, cooked food, and teamwork—and began moving northeast.
African "Mother" Gene (03:01)
One tribe survived the journey out of Africa 65,000 years ago, we are nearly all related to one woman. Learn how modern humans branched out from Arabia to colonize the rest of the planet.
Encountering Neanderthals (03:14)
Humans had developed a tribal mentality by the time they reached Europe. They coexisted with Neanderthals for 5-10,000 years and may have hunted them; our competitors went extinct 30,000 years ago.
Inventing Clothing (01:59)
20,000 years ago, an ice age posed a challenge to humans. The first known sewing needle allowed us to stay warmer and hunt longer than wearing animal skins.
Gargas Cave Paintings (02:51)
In the French Pyrenees, 27,000 year old hand prints show early human desire to mark their presence—the first example of recorded history.
Agricultural Revolution (05:36)
16,000 years ago, the Northern Hemisphere warmed. Learn how our ancestors began cultivating wild grasses in the Fertile Crescent—driven by weariness of foraging and by planning instincts. Wheat, rice, and corn succeeded.
Leopard Lady (03:45)
The agricultural revolution made life harder, but farmers were stuck due to a population boom. A 9,000 year old burial in Catal Huyuk suggests ancestor worship—showing an attempt to control space and time.
Catal Huyuk Society (03:53)
Houses in the ancient Turkish settlement show signs of domesticity. Residents lived in harmony and enjoyed gender equality; the settlement lasted 1,400 years until tuberculosis passed from cattle to humans.
China's Great Flood (03:52)
4,000 years ago, heavy rains caused the Yellow River to change course. Gun was tasked with controlling flooding by his clan leader but dams failed and he was executed; his son Yu continued the project.
Yellow River Engineering (04:49)
Learn how Yu created a network of channels to divert the river during flood season—overcoming tribalism to do so. His story shows how natural challenges united river dwelling people.
Shaping Nature (01:10)
Each human development brought us progress, but also new problems—such as hierarchy and overpopulation.
Set Maat Village Life (04:17)
Learn how the Nile River facilitated the development of Egyptian civilization. Workers’ personal writings from 3,000 years ago reveal family relationships common today.
Early Justice System (03:50)
Set Maat records describe the trial of a man who robbed tombs, committed adultery, and attacked his father-in-law. Each Egyptian community had a court, demonstrating the imposition of law and order.
Minoan Society (03:53)
Writing and trade accelerated civilization, but the battle with nature continued. Learn how Knossos was excavated and recreated in a 1920s style by British archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans, who envisioned a peaceful culture.
Failure to Control Nature (04:10)
In 1979, archaeologists discovered evidence of human sacrifice near Knossos. An earthquake struck during a ceremony, destroying Minoan society.
Credits: Survival: History of the World (00:31)
Credits: Survival: History of the World
For additional digital leasing and purchase options contact a media consultant at 800-257-5126
(press option 3) or firstname.lastname@example.org.