Jackie Robinson (03:34)
In 1947, Robinson became the first black player in Major League Baseball. He was born in Georgia, but his family moved to California, where they were the only black family in the neighborhood. He initially focused on track, like his brother Olympian Mack Robinson.
Robinson in College (02:12)
Robinson attended UCLA and participated in football, basketball, baseball, and track. He was named best all-around athlete in his senior year. He served in World War II and returned home in 1945 uncertain about his future.
Robinson and the Baseball Color Line (02:31)
Kept out of MLB, Robinson began playing in the Negro League. Brooklyn Dodgers manager Branch Ricky began scouting within the league and singled out a few players. He decided Robinson was the best choice.
Robinson and the Dodgers (03:44)
Facing racism from fans and teammates, Robinson did well on a Dodgers farm team and in spring training. He joined the main team and was not allowed to respond to racist actions because of his contract. His skill eventually led to his acceptance.
Robinson's Impact (03:18)
Though he was paid far less than white players, Robinson opened the door for other black players to join the league. He became an important member of the team. In 1949, he was asked to testify before the House Un-American Activities Committee.
Robinson's Activism (02:08)
Robinson spoke out against racism and housing discrimination. He admitted that this work cost him popularity as a player.
Robinson's Final Season (03:45)
At 36, Robinson helped the Dodgers win the 1955 World Series against the Yankees. He retired and worked in business. He was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1962.
Credits: Jackie Robinson (00:51)
Credits: Jackie Robinson
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