Introduction: Respiratory Distress in the Pediatric Patient: Assessment and Intervention (02:28)
Respiratory distress comes from infection, allergies, trauma, or congenital anomalies and is a major problem facing children. There are numerous symptoms to look for when determining if an infant or small child is experiencing respiratory distress.
Respiratory Physical Assessment (02:27)
A physical evaluation is the best way to identify respiratory distress. Components include position and face; level of consciousness; cyanosis; breathing rate, rhythm, and effort; and chest shape and movement. Perform chest palpitations and percussion.
Respiratory Distress (02:33)
Respiratory distress is a compensated state of respiratory dysfunction where an infant will show signs of increased breathing rate or effort. Characterizations include tachypnea, hyperphnea, nasal flaring, and accessory muscle use. Learn conditions that cause respiratory failure.
Evaluating the Severity of Respiratory Distress (06:21)
Tools for determining the severity of respiratory distress include pulse oximetry, a transcutaneous CO2 monitor, and stethoscope. Follow the assessment of a normal pediatric patient and compare observations with patients in mild, moderate, and serious distress.
Nursing Interventions (02:31)
Hypoxemia or hypercarbia can occur without intervention. Optimize respiratory function before identifying the pathological process and providing further treatment. Other interventions include adequate nutrition and hydration, adequate positioning for rest, medications, cardiopulmonary monitoring, and pulse oximetry.
Credits: Respiratory Distress in the Pediatric Patient: Assessment and Intervention (00:46)
Credits: Respiratory Distress in the Pediatric Patient: Assessment and Intervention
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