Segments in this Video

The Anatomy of Locomotion (02:07)


Anatomists used to only dissect animals and look at their skeletons to understand how they moved. Martin Fischer realized that this wasn't enough and started to study how muscles and bones interact to create movement.

Martin Fisher's X Ray Machine (02:52)

A scientist has found a way to use a giant X ray machine to examine the interaction of bones, tendons, and muscles in live animals in motion. This allows him to see the animals through completely different eyes and determine the limbs' exact position during even the tiniest moment in their locomotion.

Exploring Biological Mysteries (06:17)

The dose per recording low. This new method allows Martin Fisher to examine all details with regard to locomotion, running, jumping climbing. Even a regular rat is very versatile. The combination of super slow mo and X ray recordings from different perspectives enables the scientists to explore even complex locomotion in minute detail.

Does it Make Sense for Science to Duplicate Nature? (05:50)

Zoologists and engineers should work together to create robots that imitate animals. Locomotion is very complex, so most of these robots tend to look more ridiculous than threatening.

Locomotion Study (05:00)

Scientists studied the locomotion of dogs and found that all dogs walk the same. They also created an animation of how a dog moves which can be used to help vets, breeders, and trainers.

Veterinary Graphics (02:34)

Veterinary medicine is benefiting from Martin Fisher's innovative work in robotics and engineering. His textbooks are more detailed and precise, and they allow vets to better treat animals. Fisher also uses his knowledge to develop new ideas and connect with other scientists.

Tracks of Dinosaurs (03:23)

A scientist is looking for dinosaur footprints in a quarry near Gotha, Germany. He's been working there for 30 years and has found some significant fossils, including a complete skeleton of a protozoan.

Extinct for 300 Million Years (03:03)

The zoologists looked at live animals that are similar to their ancestor in order to explore the locomotion of an animal that has been extinct for 300 million years.

X Raying the Protozoan (06:24)

The article discusses how Martin Fischer's team is using a special scanner to study the movement of a protozoan fossil, and how the results may help us understand the origins of human locomotion.

Runner's Trick (03:45)

Humans have a natural ability to adjust to minor disturbances while walking, which is confirmed by the experiment with the pit. This ability is due to the interaction between the legs and upper body, which stabilizes the runner perfectly. The scientists also examined the human back with healthy patients and ones with back pain.

Evolutionary Biologists (00:00)

The back muscles have not changed in structure in the past 6 million years, meaning that back pain is not due to evolution. Additionally, the abdominal muscles are often weak in patients with back pain.

Cradle of Modern Biology (05:11)

The National Museum of Natural History in Paris is a place where biologists can learn about the anatomy of animals, and how their bodies have evolved to allow them to move in different ways.

Martin Fischer: Science as Art (01:58)

Martin Fisher is a scientist who also loves art. In 2015, he collaborated with an artist to create a giant panoramic film from his recordings for an art festival. Fisher hopes to push back boundaries and create new things with his research and to promote the beauty of locomotion.

Credits (00:35)


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X Ray Run: The Secret of Movement

DVD (Chaptered) Price: $169.95
DVD + 3-Year Streaming Price: $254.93
3-Year Streaming Price: $169.95



Scientists at the University of Jena are attempting to discover the secrets of movement using a high-speed X-ray machine. It is only in movement that the sophisticated interplay of bones, tendons and muscles that nature has perfected over the course of evolution is revealed. The images produced are breathtaking and unusual: a cat jumps onto the laboratory table - the camera first shows it in super slow motion, and in the next instant we see through the coat and skin to the movement of each individual bone underneath. These spectacular images are the result of a research project that is unique in the world: using a high-speed X-ray machine, the zoologists, doctors and biomechanics around Professor Martin S. Fischer from the Friedrich Schiller University in Jena are investigating the secrets of movement. The list of animals under whose skin the scientists have taken a look range from iguanas to birds to rats and even sloths - always with one major question in mind: how did the mechanics of movement develop from the first land animals 300 million years ago to the atrophied mobility of the modern office worker today?

Length: 52 minutes

Item#: BVL207043

ISBN: 978-1-64867-834-9

Copyright date: ©2016

Closed Captioned

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