Pattern Laying and Cutting (03:12)
Viewers meet a “cool Britannia” tailor who constructs men’s suits by hand for an elite clientele. Another designer uses CAD technology to create sportswear—and both methods provide a custom fit.
Specialist Textiles (02:11)
A textile factory sews custom airplane seat covers. The fabric is very expensive, and the boss needs to get every penny out of the fabric. He lets the computer design a "lay plan" that uses the maximum amount of fabric per roll.
Programmed Machines Cut Fabric (03:11)
Layers of fabric are laid out on a long cutting table. The machine is programmed to cut the fabric. Once set, the machine automatically cuts the entire pattern on layers of fabric. Smaller batches can be cut by hand. A hot drill makes a hole through all layers of fabric.
Garment Assembly: Sewing Machines (01:39)
The production manager makes sure everything runs smoothly at the factory. Sewing machines are single needle, serger, twin needle, or buttonholer. Other specialist machines include the multi-needle quilting machines, and many others.
Garment Assembly: Factory Floor (03:03)
On the factory floor, batches of cut fabric for 12 sweatshirts take only 3 minutes to assemble and stitch. Robust machinery, highly skilled workers, and an effective management system combine to make production very efficient.
Job Production (01:53)
The factory that makes clothing for skydivers had to find different ways of organizing their production. Now, one worker makes each garment from start to finish. The last stage of garment production is a quality control check.
Quality Control (02:47)
Quality control begins when finished garments arrive from suppliers. Every piece gets a thorough visual inspection. Each garment is measured to check for sizing. Information is collected on each garment and checked against specifications.
Control Points (01:47)
Garments go through a number of control points. Fabric is checked for color and tone; fabric that is laid out is checked for marks, and weave and knitting errors. Garment assemblers check for marks, machine oil, and excess threads.
Information Systems: Computerized Machines (01:35)
Knitting machines are similar in many ways to the ones put to use 200 years ago. Computer technology allows for more than 6,000 variations in style, patterns, color, and size.
Efficiency with Barcodes (01:29)
Payroll is a quick and simple matter when machines read barcodes and cut checks. Orders are received by email, phone, letters, and fax. Workers put barcodes on worksheets to indicate which jobs are completed--this is called piece work.
The world's major textiles producers are those whose labor is the cheapest. Some bosses scrimp on pay and working conditions. In Indonesia, Western consumer power pushed for better working conditions.
Credits: Textiles: Mass Production and Techniques (00:23)
Credits: Textiles: Mass Production and Techniques
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