Introduction: Kilauea: Hawaii on Fire (01:14)
In 2018, a volcanic eruption sends Hawaii's residents fleeing for their lives; 450 earthquakes occur in 24 hours. Scientists track activities to predict future events.
Active Volcano (04:45)
Lava is visible at the summit of Kilauea and at Pu'u 'O'o; levels rise. On April 30, 2018, lava disappears from Pu'u O'o and a swarm of earthquakes occurs around the vent. Magma cuts through the underground, advancing down the east rift toward residences.
Lava Flow (03:46)
Beneath Leilani Estates, magma moves toward the surface and the Civil Defense Agency alerts the public; cracks appear in the streets and steam rises. On May 3, 2018, lava breaches the surface and residents evacuate.
Lava Fingerprint (04:33)
A week after the fissures appeared, lava continues to flow but appears to be slowing around Leilani Estates. Volcanologists analyze samples and learn that lava at Leilani is not the same as the lava from Pu'u 'O'o; it is similar to a 1955 eruption.
Kilauea Summit (02:26)
The lava has dropped 500 feet and continues to sink, causing the sides of the crater to collapse. Volcano Village residents prepare for an eruption similar to one in 1924.
Toxic Gas (06:27)
Sulfur dioxide threatens the area around Leilani Estates; Sam Mitchell discovers mineral deposits. A resident finds evidence of sulfur poisoning on her property. Fissures are again active and indicate a change in the nature of the eruption. Hawaiian beliefs and legends explain volcanic events.
Eruptive Activity (05:36)
On May 17, 2018, an ash cloud erupts from Kilauea; the collapsing crater could cause a pyroclastic surge. New fissures appear east of Leilani Estates and a lava bomb injures a resident. Volcanologists analyze lava from fissure 17.
Lava Situational Awareness (05:10)
New fissures open behind fissure 17, creating new lava flows in various directions. Authorities use drones to track flows and locate a resident in need of help. The center of activity returns to Leilani Estates.
Flow Rate and Temperature (04:43)
Fissure eight becomes the dominate location of lava flow. The eruption will ultimately benefit the Hawaiian ecosystem. Rick Hazlett explores an old lava tube and discusses island landscape.
Hawaiian Volcanoes (03:25)
Without the ocean, the volcanoes are the highest mountains on Earth and the most productive volcanoes. A subterranean hotspot may be the origin of the Hawaiian archipelago. Volcanic activity in 2018 reveals island growth.
Island Destruction and Birth (04:33)
Hawaii averages over five feet of rain per year, resulting in erosion, weathering, and landslides. Volcanic material sinks the father away it moves from the hotspot. Researchers study new activity southeast of the Big Island.
Eruption Aftermath (03:30)
By October 2018, surface level lava flow activity has subsided and the crater at Kilauea's summit has significantly increased in size. Lava destroyed over 700 properties; Kilauea will erupt again.
Credits: Kilauea: Hawaii on Fire (00:52)
Credits: Kilauea: Hawaii on Fire
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