Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Series Introduction (02:10)
This training series on CBT techniques includes demonstrations, discussions, and reflections. Dr. Robin Hart will demonstrate techniques in unrehearsed interview formats based on real cases. Dr. Tom Werner will comment on the interviews.
Working with Negative Assumptions Case Study: Melissa (10:51)
Melissa, 43, has anxiety about her nine-year-old daughter and her parenting skills. She and Hart list advantages and disadvantages of her assumption that if she has difficulty relating to Clarissa, she is failing as a mother. Then, they adapt her rule.
Defining Negative Assumptions (05:21)
Werner distinguishes negative assumptions from negative automatic thoughts and core beliefs. Clients using "must" or "should" phrases reflect general rules linked to negative assumptions. Melissa's rule is derived from her core belief that she is a bad mother.
Hart's Approach to Melissa's Negative Assumption (05:57)
Werner explains the importance of clients formulating rules in their own words. After clarifying Melissa's rule, Hart asked her for the advantages and disadvantages of holding it. Then, he helped her adapt the rule for flexibility and functionality.
Working with Negative Assumptions Case Study: Angela (04:42)
Angela, 42, has anger and stress that affects her marriage; failure is among her core beliefs. Hart asks her to list characteristics of success. Her assumptions are that success means having a meaningful job; hard work brings success; and success requires everything running smoothly.
Exposing Unrealistic Expectations (11:51)
Angela's assumption is that to be successful, everything must run smoothly. Hart asks her to list evidence supporting and refuting her rule. She modifies her rule; successful people make sacrifices in other areas. She concludes that her self-expectations are too high.
Weakening Negative Assumptions (05:40)
Werner discusses Hart's exploration of Angela's core belief that she is a failure, and of her assumption that everything must run smoothly to succeed. Learn why Hart had Angela describe successful behaviors and identify exceptions to her rule.
Using the Socratic Dialogue (02:55)
Clients may find their rule so true that they have difficulty identifying evidence to support or refute it. Werner reflects on Hart's process of helping Angela to discover weaknesses in her negative assumption, reevaluate her rule, and understand her unrealistic self-expectations.
Working with Negative Assumptions Case Study: Melissa (2) (10:29)
Melissa and Hart list advantages and disadvantages of her assumption that if she is having difficulty relating to Clarissa, she is failing as a mother. Then, they adapt her rule linked to this assumption to make it more flexible and functional.
Working with Negative Assumptions Case Study: Angela (2) (15:53)
Angela’s core belief is failure; Hart asks her to list characteristics of success. She assumes that everything must run smoothly. Hart helps her to discover weaknesses in her rule and reevaluate. She concludes that her self-expectations are too high.
Credits: CBT: Working With Negative Assumptions (01:11)
Credits: CBT: Working With Negative Assumptions
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