Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Series Introduction (02:07)
This training series on CBT techniques includes demonstrations, discussions, and reflections. Dr. Robin Hart will demonstrate techniques in unrehearsed interview formats based on real cases. Dr. Tom Werner will comment on the interviews.
Cognitive Restructuring of Negative Automatic Thoughts Case Study (03:48)
Film student Emma, 18, has social anxiety, body image problems, and low mood. Hart asks her about thoughts she had before going out with friends. She expresses low self-esteem and paranoia regarding the perceptions of others.
Analyzing a Negative Thought (08:21)
Hart asks Emma to rate her belief that she is boring. They generate evidence supporting and refuting this claim. There is more evidence to disprove her belief; she lowers her score and says she is less boring than she originally believed.
Cognitive Restructuring of Negative Automatic Thoughts (04:48)
CBT therapists must help clients understand the link between thoughts and feelings. Werner discusses identifying an automatic negative thought, rating it, and generating evidence for and against it. Therapists bolster evidence against the thought and help clients to replace it.
Applying Cognitive Restructuring to Daily Life (03:15)
Therapists encourage clients to use cognitive restructuring techniques outside sessions and to record the process. Werner discusses the daily thought record.
Cognitive Restructuring Indications (03:00)
In the case study, Hart's technique of generating arguments for and against negative thoughts helps Emma see a different perspective. Werner uses the technique to help clients challenge unrealistic thoughts and improve their mood.
Cognitive Restructuring Challenges (02:51)
When the technique fails to change the client's mood, he or she may be distracted by negative affect or the negative automatic thought may be a core belief. Therapists can try to focus on more specific negative thoughts.
When to Use Cognitive Restructuring (02:04)
Clients should understand basic maintenance formations, including the link between thoughts and emotions. Werner discusses using the technique to challenge negative automatic thoughts during the therapeutic process.
Addressing Cognitive Restructuring Challenges (05:25)
Therapists should be aware of running into client core beliefs or situations in which clients cannot recall any evidence against negative automatic thoughts. Werner outlines ways to overcome these challenges.
Cognitive Restructuring of Negative Automatic Thoughts Case Study (2) (12:08)
Emma expresses concern that others perceive her as boring; Hart asks her to rate this belief and generate supporting and refuting evidence. There is more evidence to disprove her belief. Emma says she is less boring than she originally believed.
Credits: CBT: Cognitive Restructuring of Negative Automatic Thoughts (01:13)
Credits: CBT: Cognitive Restructuring of Negative Automatic Thoughts
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