Medieval Sculpture (03:45)
Most sculptures produced during the Middle Ages were for religious purposes. Images educated viewers, commemorated the lives of Jesus and the saint's lives, and were devotional. The Tate Gallery wanted to focus on the Reformation.
Object Display (04:41)
Richard Deacon wanted the Tate Gallery to become an active enclosure. The sculptor showed the backs of artifacts in the exhibit and played with height.
Effigies of Knights (03:58)
The sculpture from Furness Abbey depicts one knight with his eyes open. In the Kirby effigy, an army knight and his lady appear to be slumbering in bed. St. Christopher wades through the water with Jesus on his back.
Transition to the Reformation (05:43)
By 1520, Medieval churches were brightly colored with many of images. Within 40 years, images were removed or destroyed and replaced with biblical texts. Waves of iconoclasm occurred during the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI, Queen Elizabeth I, and Archbishop Laud.
Surviving Sculpture (03:58)
Sculptures likely survived because they were placed in an inaccessible area, protected over a long period of time, or were not completely destroyed by iconoclasts. The Madonna and Jesus from Winchester Cathedral has been partially repaired. Many heads are based on portraits of individuals.
South Cerney (04:18)
A rood image is a sculpture of Jesus flanked by Saint John and the Virgin Mary. A workman found the head and foot of a wooden Jesus at All Hallows Church in 1913. Deacon does not have an has no opinion about the destruction of the sculptures.
Medieval Sculptors (03:06)
Some sculptors enjoyed high civic offices such as sheriffs or mayors toward the end of the Middle Ages. Pietro Torrigiano made the craftsman become a creative artist. Dr. John Yonge was the Master of the Rolls.
Charwelton Tomb (04:24)
The effigy of Sir Thomas Andrew and his two wives is the most recent sculpture in the exhibition. Apart from the angels, there is no religious imagery. The inscription ends with a Catholic reflection.
Credits: Image and Idol: Medieval Sculpture (00:26)
Credits: Image and Idol: Medieval Sculpture
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