Introduction: Firm Foundations for Early Literacy (02:17)
Early literacy skills begin before reading and writing. This film will observe children from three months to five years. Psychologist Jennie Lindon comments on the importance of understanding spoken language.
Birth to Two Years (05:38)
Early literacy skills begin with everyday communication. Listening to language and vocal sound begins early; babies enjoy musical "baby talk." Turn-taking games and books initiate conversation; by one year babies babble and begin incorporating words.
Learning about Symbolism (02:53)
Babies begin pretend play around thirteen months. Spoken words are symbols that represent objects and ideas. Picture books can help build vocabulary.
Building Vocabulary (04:23)
Orson enjoys reading with his father; words, pictures and gestures help clarify word meaning. A large working vocabulary helps children learn to read and write. By the end of their second year, children form two word sentences.
Moving On: Twenty Months to Three and a Half Years (05:17)
Mark making and scribbling are important skills for early literacy. Children soon form deliberate marks as physical skills improve. Pretend play becomes increasingly complex and advances language. Hear how adults can support children in organizing and developing imaginary experiences.
Learning Environments (04:53)
Children need time to experience their surroundings and learn what interests them. Adults should follow a child's lead. Much can be absorbed through everyday home experiences, as well as in preschool or daycare settings.
Modeling Literacy (03:12)
Children learn about using print words through example; adults should demonstrate reading and writing skills. Ava asks her mother to write her name on their shopping list and recognizes supermarket items.
Storytelling and Conversations (04:49)
As a child's brains develop, he or she becomes more efficient at remembering events and stories. Listening and telling are integral to reading and writing; Seb's mother helps him describe an event sequence. During the third year, children begin talking with peers.
Getting There: Three to Five Years (06:07)
Literacy requires physical, language, and intellectual skills. Preschools should be home-like and facilitate children's freedom in choosing play activities and starting conversations. Nadine supports Niaz in drawing a pictorial shopping list.
Reading Stories (04:31)
Lindon recommends reading to preschool children in small groups. This shows that books can be enjoyed spontaneously and allows them to be close enough to see the pictures. Seb plays a pretend bakery game inspired by a book.
Playing with Language (04:52)
Once comfortable with words, children make up words and songs. Those who think out loud and enjoy creating stories will be able to plan for writing. Toby creates an office.
Signs of Literacy Readiness (04:00)
Emergent writing is similar to babbling; it flows like written language and contains some real letters. Children begin recognizing words when they are ready to learn to read.
Credits: Firm Foundations for Early Literacy: 0 to 5 Years (00:36)
Credits: Firm Foundations for Early Literacy: 0 to 5 Years
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