Palikari Village (02:48)
Barrie Machin presents the film based on his fieldwork in rural Crete. It addresses how history, economics and religion influence gender relations and looks at the effects of modernization. He outlines the mountain village's history of resistance and freedom fighting.
History of Resistance and Warfare (03:15)
Hear how occupation has shaped Palikari's landscape. War is a common topic among men; one man relates surviving a German POW camp. Boys are taught the virtues of fighting and defense from an early age.
Pastoral Culture (04:11)
Palikari villagers identify as herders; flocks stay within allotments to avoid conflict and vendetta. Sheep are slaughtered for wedding celebrations lasting multiple days. A man discusses stealing livestock from other village; marriages are often used to settle disputes.
Negative Evaluation of Women (01:47)
Girls produce items for their trousseau, viewed as draining family finances. The bride's family also pays for the weddings. Daughters cost four times more than sons. Faults in the trousseau are viewed as family moral flaws.
Family and Social Hierarchy (02:57)
Fathers and sons eat first at meal times; wives and grandmothers eat later. Women are referred to as "leftovers." Learn about the division of labor among women and men. Villagers are unable to grow wheat and rely on government flour loans.
Inheritance Rules (04:13)
Equal inheritance has resulted in dwarf plots and property dispersal, heightening defensive attitudes. Families either have children draw lots or write wills. Hear specifics concerning marriage, divorce, and order of inheritance among sons.
Family Reputation (03:03)
Many families struggle to survive, due to limited property; marriages are economically strategic and romantic love is forbidden. Virginity symbolizes a family's integrity and purity; moral virtue is a form of social capital. See domestic scenes of women and girls.
Women's Reputation (03:20)
Gossip serves to support family reputation in the competition for marriage. Women do domestic work in view of neighbors and avoid public spaces. Female seclusion was reinforced during the Ottoman occupation to avoid rape.
Women and the Greek Orthodox Church (03:26)
Wives are subservient to their husbands and to God. Their virtue represents the integrity and purity of their home. They must protect the family from sickness, construed as demonic penetration. An elderly woman describes her dowry and marriage.
Wedding Ceremony and Relations between Families (06:05)
Girls must be virgins at marriage; abductions and bride capture were once common. Learn about cultural and religious symbolism of the union of husband and wife. A bride's father discusses matchmaking.
Wake and Funeral (03:43)
A woman sings a dirge for her husband; women guard the body to prevent demonic possession. See a funeral procession and service linked to Christ's resurrection and symbolizing movement towards immortality.
Memorial Services (01:42)
There are many widows in Pelikari; domestic relationships continue after death as women offer food to their dead husbands. Learn about vendetta customs.
Effects of Modernization (04:27)
In 1968, electricity and new roads were introduced to Pelikari, shifting the village from relative self-sufficiency to dependency on imports. Young people leave for economic opportunities; one man describes working in a factory in Germany.
Persistent Cultural Customs (05:45)
Machin believes that Pelikari will continue to exist as it has for centuries, despite the introduction of a cash economy and import goods. Villagers express interest in his role as anthropologist and tease him about marrying a local woman. (Credits)
Credits: Warriors and Maidens (02:53)
Credits: Warriors and Maidens
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