Classification of Textiles (03:51)
Textiles are classified as natural and synthetic. Raw fibers are twisted into yarn, and yarn is turned into fabric. Fabric is woven, knitted, or non-woven.
Sourcing Textiles (02:44)
Textiles are sourced depending on their end use. Designers look for characteristics of fibers and fabric such as drape, durability, and comfort. Sourcing is also influenced by ethical considerations such as sustainability and environment.
Testing Textiles (02:50)
Testing textiles helps designers and manufacturers to understand wear and tear weakness. Tests reflect the projected use of the fabric. Standard fabric tests look at strength, dye fastness, pilling, abrasions, and shrinkage.
Dyeing Textiles (03:09)
Factors involved with dyeing textiles include ink fading, color matching, and color fastness. Digital printing and water-based dyes have eased the burden on the environment.
Textile Finishes (02:26)
Textile finished change durability, appearance, and texture. Finishes are performed mechanically or chemically.
Textile Industry (00:53)
The textile industry is one of the pillars of the world economy. More than ever, farmers, manufacturers, and designers must be mindful of the ethical and environmental impact of their practices. Making the right textile choices is important to the future of the industry.
Credits: "Practical Use of Materials: Textiles" (00:29)
Credits: "Practical Use of Materials: Textiles"
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