Introduction: Hunt or Die-Wildest Survival (02:04)
The urge to hunt may be the most primal instinct. Most predatory animals are also prey; penguins eat fish, but are food for seals, who in turn are food for orcas.
Social Hunters (03:25)
Lions are the only big cats to hunt in prides, allowing them to catch fast prey by working together. A Kenyan family atypically hunts during the day. Having the only water for miles within their territory, they skillfully trap an impala.
Specialized Hunter (02:12)
Mediterranean chameleons use independently rotating and eyes to spot fast moving insects, carefully measuring striking distance before attacking. Its tongue is twice as long as its body, lashing out at 100 kilometers an hour.
Blind Hunters (03:25)
Sharks detect vibrations with subdermal lateral line sensors. White tips sense bioelectrical energy with head receptors. Bats use echolocation to detect prey in the dark. Puerto Rican boas position themselves near cave entrances, catching bats from midair.
Ambush Hunters (04:22)
Trapdoor spiders dig hideouts in the ground, weaving hinged camouflage doors from silk and vegetation; it strikes when it detects vibrations. Cantor's softshell turtles bury themselves in the seabed, watching for fish to come close enough to attack.
Adaptive Hunters (06:36)
Komodo Dragons have a weak bite, but venomous saliva that infects prey; they wait for victims to succumb before eating. A Taiwanese snake scoops snails from shells with specialized asymmetrical jaws. An orchid mantis lures insects by looking and behaving like a flower.
Speed Hunters (03:11)
Cheetahs use speed to catch prey; adaptations allow the big cat to reach 110 kilometer an hour. Namibian brothers hunt wildebeest, bringing an individual down with a heel hook and then suffocation.
Evolved Prey (03:14)
Draco lizards are agile climbers that use camouflage to avoid predators. During mating season, males attract females with bright yellow gular flags. Vine snakes observe the displays and calculate striking distance. The lizards have a membrane skin wing that allows them to escape.
Ancient Hunter (04:04)
Crocodiles are well-adapted predators, using speed, stealth, and power to take down large mammals. Most of the 24 species primarily eat fish. Spectacled Caiman hunt in the rivers of the Pantanal Region; they also prey on swimming Capybara babies.
Ocean Hunters (04:29)
Killer Whales off Patagonia's eastern coast have evolved hunting techniques that require practice and knowledge sharing. Adults demonstrate beaching, teaching offspring to use waves to ambush prey. They catch and release an elephant seal before training the youngest calf to disable it in deep water.
Aerial Hunters (08:31)
The golden eagle's binocular eyes spots camouflaged mountain hares and it attacks with accelerated speed. Gannets use their acute sight to locate prey before diving into the ocean and swimming into bait balls. Buffy owls use night vision to find prey underwater. Hear an episode summary.
Credits: Hunt or Die-Wildest Survival (00:32)
Credits: Hunt or Die-Wildest Survival
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