Pearl Harbor (06:50)
Isoroku Yamamoto designed the attack on the Pacific Fleet Base employing nine aircraft carriers. On December 7th, 1941, Aichi Type 99 bombers, Nakajima type 97 torpedo bombers and Mitsubishi A6M Zero Fighters destroyed 400 planes, six battleships, and 10 warships stationed in Hawaii.
Pacific War: Retaliation (10:09)
In April 1942, B-25 Mitchell bombers raided Tokyo; in June, PBY Catalina Maritime Patrol located the Japanese task force launching an attack on Midway Islands. United States carriers supported missions on Pacific islands held by Japan; on October 26th, 1942, the USS Hornet was sunk by dive bombers.
Pacific War: Technological Superiority (05:16)
Grumman TBF-1 torpedo bombers and Corsair fighters were adopted by the United States Navy; on June 11th, 1944, Admiral Chester Nimitz and General Douglas MacArthur took Japanese held Marianas Islands. On June 19th, Japan's aerial navy was destroyed during an attempted offensive.
Pacific War: Final Maneuvers (02:42)
Kamikaze tactics developed to take down United States carriers intent on seizing Iwo Jima and Okinawa. England's fleet combined with America's, forming the world's largest navy force. American vessels attacked mainland Japan before the atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Naval Aviation (05:04)
During World War II, navies covered ground forces, civilians, and provided communications; during 1943 and 1944, American submarines destroyed supply convoys headed for Japan. After an 18 month siege on Malta Island, allied planes destroyed German ships furnishing North African missions. Anti-aircraft weaponry and flagships developed for carrier defense.
Atlantic Battle: Longest Campaign (07:32)
Hitler sunk allied merchant convoys with aircraft; the Bismark sank HMS Hood in 1941. A Catalina Maritime Patrol located the German battleship; a Swordfish and battleships sunk it with torpedoes. The Tirpitz was sunk by British Avro Lancaster heavy bombers in November 1944; the Focke-Wulf Fw 190 disrupted allied northern supply lines.
Atlantic Battle: U Boats (05:22)
Allied forces did not have planes suitable for mid-Atlantic escorts vital to defending against German submarine attacks on merchant ships and convoys. The Royal Air Force Command attacked ports, and production factories; the United States developed the Consolidated Vultee PBY Catalina Flying Boat and used airships for night patrols.
Atlantic Battle: Black Gap Closure (07:00)
In 1943, the United States Air Force implemented centimetric radar to locate U Boats sinking merchant convoys; in May, Allied forces received upgraded escort vehicles. Maritime patrols were fitted with Death Chargers and Acoustic Honing Torpedoes. 40 German submarines were sunk, and Naval Commander Kyle Donitz declared the battle lost.
Credits: Airpower and Navies (00:43)
Credits: Airpower and Navies
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