Experimental Aircraft Association Meeting (04:01)
Osh Kosh, Wisconsin hosted the largest aircraft show in the world; inspectors issued certificates of air worthiness before machines were allowed to fly. Burt Rutan exhibited The Voyager there before making the first global circumnavigation without refueling in 1986.
Learning to Fly (04:33)
The Wright brothers set up the first flying school; Louis Bleriot invented a grounded simulator to teach cockpit controls. In 1911, Harriet Quimby became the first woman to earn a pilot's license. During World War I, Avro 504 and Curtiss JN-4 trainers were utilized; during World War II, the Link Trainer prepared troops for combat maneuvers.
Aviatrix Military Pioneers (02:22)
During World War II, Britain allowed women to join the Air Transport Auxiliary, delivering combat aircraft to Royal Air Force airfields. American pilot Jacqueline Cochran visited the operation; she helped establish the United States Women’s Airforce Service Pilots.
Individual Transport (02:11)
After World War II, Frank Piasecki developed solo commuter helicopters. Molt Taylor invented a flying car in the 1960s; it was granted an air worthiness certificate by the Federal Aviation Administration. Private aircraft are vital to sustaining many rural communities.
Modern Private Instruction (05:59)
A flight student must be approved by a doctor before taking classes; they must take ground courses in flight procedures and meteorology. An experienced pilot explains the basics during a highly monitored trial flight; the first solo trip is made over an airfield. Helicopters require more mental and physical coordination to operate.
Frugal Flyers (02:58)
Aircraft are expensive; many private owners purchase construction kits to assemble light planes. The Microlight is a cheap alternative; its two models reach 60 miles per hour and can be disassembled and stored in pieces.
Non Powered Flight: Trailblazers (02:54)
Germany was banned from manufacturing military aircraft after World War I; they developed gliders and learned how to use thermals for lift. The Variometer measured rate of climb, and descent, permitting pilots to find the strongest thermals. By 1939, the craft attained altitudes of 10,000 feet and 500 mile distances.
Non Powered Flight: Military Applications (02:55)
During World War II, the glider was often employed for gear and troop transport. Pilots became adept at precision landings; on June 6th, 1944, three British gliders helped secure an important bridge. When parachutes were developed for supply drops during the Korean War, the craft became obsolete for battle operations.
Non Powered Flight: Advancements (04:54)
The World Gliding Championship held their first competition in 1937; the Federation Aeronautique Internationale now hosts it every two years. NASA experimented with lifting body crafts, producing the M-2 and HL-12; the United States Air Force designed the Martin Marietta X-24.
Balloons: Pioneers and Military Applications (04:14)
In 1836, the Great Balloon of Nassau flew from London to Vyborg. During World War I, observation balloons were used for reconnaissance; during World War II, they were used to control artillery fire. In 1931, August Piccard reached 51,700 feet in a hydrogen craft.
Balloons: Hobbyists and Record Holders (05:53)
In July 1978, Don Cameron and Christopher Davy flew the Zanussi 150 miles short of the French coast. Ben Abruzzo took off from main and landed the Double Eagle III in France six days later. In September 1984, Joseph Kittinger embarked on a solo transatlantic flight and set new distance record.
Balloons: Circumnavigation Attempts (07:01)
In 1995, three teams announced their intent to fly around the world; they all experienced problems and failed. Steve Fossett and Richard Branson tried again in 1997; the Solo Spirit launched in Missouri, and touched down in India.
Credits: Anyone Can Fly (00:42)
Credits: Anyone Can Fly
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