Introduction: The Romance of the Air (02:41)
The Concorde made the fastest circumnavigation of any airliner on August 16th, 1995. Air travel has become routine worldwide. In 1910, Germany established an airship service in German; the Benoist carried single passengers over Tampa Bay in 1914.
Post World War: Europe (02:47)
In 1919, Germany moved government operations from Berlin to Weimar, transporting freight and passengers by airplane; German airlines coordinated to offer services across the nation. In France, Henri and Maurice Farman organized a flight from Paris to London, triggering other private companies to provide air transport to civilians.
Post World War: England (04:21)
In 1918, the British Royal Air Force established an air mail service to Cologne, where occupational forces resided. The first British commercial flight took place in 1919; Aircraft Transport and Travel operated services across the English Channel. Handley Page Transport used converted bombers to carry passengers from London to Paris.
Post World War: United States (06:20)
The U.S. Army created mail routes during World War I; the Post Office took over operations in August 1918. The 1925 Kelly Act opened the service to private companies. William Boeing established his company in 1916 and took over the Chicago to San Francisco route in 1927.
Civilian Travel: United States (04:51)
In May 1927, Charles Lindbergh made the first solo flight over the Atlantic Ocean, triggering public interested in aviation. A transcontinental passenger route was established, and airline companies took advantage of the new marked and conglomerated, forming Transworld, United Airlines, and American Airlines.
Civilian Travel: Europe and Neighbors (03:43)
In 1924, British Imperial Airways was established, and took over all routes to continental Europe. In 1926, Germans formed Deutsche Luft Hansa, dominating European skies. In 1928, the Russians established the national airline, Aeroflot.
The Graf Zeppelin flew passengers to America in 1928, sparking interest in commercial flight. Hitler commissioned the Hindenburg, which was capable of carrying 72 passengers across the Atlantic. It exploded and crashed in 1937.
Colonial Expansion (04:06)
Colonial powers used airplanes to stay in touch with territories; the Dutch KLM established routes to Indonesia and Australia. British Airlines created travel routes to Iraq, relying on boat and railway for many legs; in 1929, Imperial Airways landed in India.
Crossing the Pacific (07:51)
In 1931, United Airlines commissioned the Model 247. Juan Trippe formed Pan Am in 1927, providing mail and passenger flights to the Caribbean; in 1937, he agreed to extend routes to China, but instead created an island hopping course. China's Clipper Passenger service to San Francisco opened in 1936.
Transatlantic Flight (03:28)
In 1936, Deutsche Luft Hansa established mail service across the Atlantic. Pan Am and Imperial Airways provided non-stop flights on flying boats prior to World War II. The Stratoliner was released in 1938; it was the first commercial aircraft with a pressurized cabin.
Credits: The Romance Of The Air (00:41)
Credits: The Romance Of The Air
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