Black people were called colored. "Birth of a Nation" praised the Ku Klux Klan. The War College Commandant sent a secret memorandum to the Army Chief of Staff about the inferiority of black men.
Two thousand German combat planes blitzed Poland. Congress passed laws to train civilians on flying planes. C. Alfred Anderson taught at Tuskegee; his family lived near William Broadwater's home.
The 99th was the first of four units that comprised the 332nd fighter unit. Broadwater served in the 477th bombardment group with Chappie James. Squadron leaders under Colonel Selway tried to restrain members and restrict promotions.
Black men were considered cowards and unable to fly an airplane. Five men were commissioned as the first African American pilots in 1942; 125 bombardiers and navigators graduated. Approximately 35-40% students failed or left the program.
While white pilots went into combat immediately, African Americans were sent for additional training. The 332nd group squadron never lost a bomber to enemy aircraft. General Benjamin O. Davis threatened court-martials if the Tuskegee Airmen abandoned their mission.
The 332nd ended its combat career in 1945 with 311 victories and never having lost a bomber to enemy aircraft. The Tuskegee Airmen had to prove themselves under difficult circumstances where white soldiers did not want them to succeed.
Credits: The Tuskegee Airmen
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Still flying high after 60 years, the Tuskegee Airmen’s story stands as one of the most illustrious chapters in American military history. As a testament to this courageous group of patriots, the U. S. Senate passed a bill to honor the Tuskegee Airmen with a Congressional Gold Medal. This program from Tony Brown's Journal looks at the remarkable story of the Tuskegee Airmen.
Length: 26 minutes
Copyright date: ©2006
Prices include public performance rights.
Not available to Home Video and Publisher customers.
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