Introduction: 75 Year March (04:35)
This segment orients viewers to the topics of James Weldon Johnson, lynching, and segregation. Meet representations of significant people in the fight for equality.
Jim Crow Laws (03:40)
The NAACP targeted segregation and discrimination in education. In 1937, an anti-lynching bill passed the House but failed in the Senate. In 1938, Thurgood Marshall became the NAACP Special Counsel and Johnson died.
War and Legislation (02:02)
In 1939, Hitler invaded Poland. Benjamin O. Davis Sr. became the Army's first black general. The NAACP presented anti-lynching legislation to Congress 257 times.
African American Service Personnel (03:49)
In 1941, the War Department announced the formation of the first all-black squadron; Walter White and A. Phillip Randolph demanded equality in the armed services. In 1948, President Truman issued two executive orders.
Voter Registration and Segregation (03:18)
In the 1950s, the NAACP organized registration drives in the South; Harry T. Moore and his wife were murdered. In 1954, the Supreme Court ruled school segregation unconstitutional. In 1955, Roy Wilkens became NAACP Executive Director and Rosa Parks' arrest sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
Racial Tensions (03:43)
In 1957, President Eisenhower ordered federal troops to escort black students to Central High School. Congress passed civil rights legislation. In the 1960s, black militancy overshadowed the NAACP; Medgar Evers was murdered in 1963.
Equal Rights (03:34)
The 24th Amendment passed in 1964 and President Johnson signed the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Benjamin Hooks became NAACP Executive Director and by the 1970s, the organization won equal salaries for teachers, established prison reform, stopped lynchings, and more.
Credits: The Longest Struggle: The History of the NAACP - 75 Year March, Part 4 (01:28)
Credits: The Longest Struggle: The History of the NAACP - 75 Year March, Part 4
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