Bunker Hill Monument (04:37)
The Bunker Hill Monument in Boston was one of the first American monuments. It was dedicated to the first major victory in the Revolutionary War. It was built to honor all soldiers instead of a specific person.
Statue of Liberty (04:58)
The Statue of Liberty was designed by a Frenchman wanting to honor the democratic government in the United States. It was unveiled in New York City in 1886. The statue gained a new meaning when Ellis Island opened in 1892.
Standing Soldiers (04:50)
Standing soldiers are a type of monuments that were built to honor Civil War veterans. More than 2,000 were built shortly after the war ended and more were built during the Jim Crow era in the south.
Robert Gould Shaw and the 54th Regiment Memorial (04:50)
The monument honors the 54th regiment, which was an all-black regiment from Massachusetts that fought in the Civil War. Robert Gould Shaw was the white officer that fought and died alongside the soldiers. The artist used models to make sure every black soldier looked realistic.
Lincoln Memorial (05:12)
The Lincoln Memorial was built in the 1920s to promote national unity. Though it is honoring Abraham Lincoln, it does not mention the Emancipation Proclamation or the end of slavery. The design was based on Ancient Greek architecture.
Mount Rushmore (05:20)
A state historian in South Dakota built Mount Rushmore to draw tourists into the state. The project received push back from Native Americans living in the area. The sculptor died before he was able to finish his original plans for the project.
Gateway Arch (04:54)
The Gateway Arch in St. Louis sits in what was once a warehouse distract, with a largely black population. The monument honors Thomas Jefferson and was designed through a competition.
Vietnam Veterans Memorial (05:54)
Vietnam veteran Jan Scruggs thought of the design for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial to honor his friends who had been killed in the conflict. He wanted the names of all the soldiers killed as part of the monument but opened the design to a competition. The winning design broke the tradition of American war memorials.
AIDS Memorial Quilt (06:27)
Cleve Jones was living in San Francisco during the AIDS Crisis in the 1980s and wanted a way to honor his friends and others who died from the disease. He set up a workshop to help build the quilt, which would cover the National Mall in Washington, D.C. The quilt became part of the fight for more affordable medicine for HIV/AIDS.
Oklahoma City National Memorial (06:22)
More than 160 people were killed when federal building in Oklahoma City was bombed in 1996. Survivors and family members of those killed voted on a design for the memorial. The winning designers learned about the victims and took suggestions from their families.
Credits: 10 Monuments that Changed America (00:30)
Credits: 10 Monuments that Changed America
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