Advent of the Renaissance (08:07)
Domes were constructed in many places during the 15th and 16th centuries. Creativity flowed between the Islamic East and the Christian West. In 1550, Michelangelo and Mimar Sinan competed to build a religious building that rivaled the Hagia Sophia. (Credits)
Rome, Italy (03:04)
Donato Bramante began to redesign St. Peter's Basilica as if it were a pagan temple.
Rebuilding St. Peters (05:02)
Michelangelo decided to honor Bramante's design. Ottoman sultans invited Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci to visit Istanbul and build bridges.Michelangelo gave a party for the workmen when the base and cornice were complete.
Florence, Italy (05:17)
Benvenuto Cellini envied and revered Michelangelo. Donatello's "Judith" stood in the Piazza della Signoria. During the casting of "Perseus with the Head of Medusa," Cellini fell ill and the cover of the furnace exploded.
"Treasures from the Wreck of the Unbelievable" (02:36)
Launched in 2017, Damien Hirst casted Medusa heads in different mediums for a show in Venice. The Renaissance occurred all over the world, not just in Europe.
Lahore, Pakistan (04:21)
Mughal emperors encouraged artists to create a fusion of cultures. Akbar united his empire through art and redesigned cities. Elements were taken from Persian, Hindu, and Muslim artists.
Jahangir's Reign (04:07)
Jahangir reduced the amount of artisans to take a more personal involvement in their paintings. "Jahangir Preferring a Sufi Shaikh to Kings" inferred that his empire was superior to all others.
Art as Promotion (02:28)
In Italy, little states competed to create visibility and art. In eastern countries, craftsmen needed patronage to produce paintings and were less celebrated. Jahangir commissioned the largest wall mural in the world.
Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio (03:28)
Rome flourished as a metropolis for the counter-reformation and religious center. Patrons wanted a mischievous artist. "Madonna di Loreto" resided in the Church of Sant'Agostino.
Artemisia Gentileschi (03:39)
Gentileschi broke a deep-seated artistic taboo. Her tutor raped her and she testified in court, but he was cleared of charges. Cesare Ripa influenced "Self-Portrait as the Allegory of Painting."
Diego Velasquez (01:57)
Velasquez defied the expectation that paintings should be beautiful. "Las Meninas" reversed the relationship of patron and artist.
Amsterdam Art (03:47)
The Dutch Republic became free. Captain Frans Banning Cocq's militia paid a small fortune to be painted by Rembrandt van Rijn. Moghul art arrived in Holland.
Agra, India (04:52)
Shah Jahan constructed the Taj Mahal for his deceased wife, Mumtaz Mahal; Itmad-Ud-Daulah tombs served as inspiration. After the Mughal Empire ceased to exist, Indian artists needed to rely on British Patronage.
Credits: Renaissances: Episode 5 (00:31)
Credits: Renaissances: Episode 5
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