New Appreciation of Origami (03:20)
The ancient art of paper folding is creating scientific innovation by helping to inspire new drugs, micro-robots, and future space missions. Tomoko Fuse transforms a single sheet of paper into a three-dimensional sculpture. Engineers use an origami pattern to build a Star Shade at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Origami Research (04:33)
Erik Demaine examines the mathematics behind the burgeoning field. Robert Lang creates a computer program to design a three-dimensional model. A laser cutter etches the design onto a thin piece of paper.
Tomohiro Tachi (04:13)
Tachi writes "Origamizer," a software program. Demaine is collaborating with Tachi on a universal proof that can transform any three-dimensional surface into a two-dimensional pattern.
Inspired by Nature (03:13)
Vincent Floderer creates artwork by using geometric principles, seeing objects as sequences of rectangles. Patterns are flexible and can bend and change.
Origami in Nature (04:54)
L. Mahadevan explores how beech trees use Miura-ori folding techniques in its buds. Plants, animals, and insects fold when they need to squeeze a large surface into a tiny compartment. Mahadevan mimics the growth process of the brain with gel.
D.N.A. and Folding (04:43)
Unfolding D.N.A. produces proteins. David Baker's lab at the University of Washington wants to discover protein and amino acid's lowest energy state. "Rosetta" has a crowd-sourcing application that enlists the help of computers around the world.
Medical Research (05:06)
The protein binds to influenza cells to inhibit it from invading cells. Baker experiments with amino acid sequences, which he injects into bacteria. Kaori Kuribayashi-Shigetomi studies origami techniques to produce a new type of stent graft to combat cardiovascular disease.
Engineering Innovations (04:21)
Robert Wood builds small robots using folding techniques. Students build a larger model; once perfected its scale is reduced, simplifying construction. Micro-Robots unfold automatically as it is heated.
Creating New Materials (04:27)
Yves Klett creates lightweight materials that can be used for construction that are inspired by origami. A car cannot crush the three-dimensional object. RoboFold, a company in London uses industry robots to bend metal into extremely precise shapes.
Stopping a Bullet (04:28)
Brigham Young Students apply origami patterns to new inventions. "Thick origami" uses conventional cuts, layers, or hinges on denser material like Kevlar. Aluminum panels form the pattern.
Applications in Space (05:26)
Solar Arrays could use origami techniques to travel into space providing more power than all the solar panels on the international space station. Electrical Circuits will be directly imprinted on the film. Mark Neyrinck at Johns Hopkins University believes that unseen dark matter folds.
Future of Origami Inspired Design (03:51)
Tachi and Demaine review the final details of the "Origamizer," a universal proof that will show how to fold a sheet of material into a three-dimensional model using a crease pattern. Origami helps scientists understand the universe.
Credits: The Origami Revolution (00:57)
Credits: The Origami Revolution
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