Segments in this Video

Kuwait Deals with Occupation (09:54)


The exiled Kuwaiti government was meeting in Saudi Arabia, but most of their issues had been made international. Many officials were still shocked by the Iraqi invasion and were unable to return to Kuwait. Kuwaiti medical services were overrun by the number of dead and wounded after the invasion.

Iraqis Trap Civilians (05:50)

Americans in Kuwait fled to the embassy, which was surrounded by Iraqi forces. Refugees fled to Arab nations and waited for news on relatives in Kuwait. Radio operators got secret message out of Kuwait.

Kuwait Organizes a Resistance (06:55)

Resistance fighters inside Kuwait used satellite communication to contact the exiled government in Saudi Arabia. The resistance organized into groups, kept sensitive information secret, and disguised their identities.

Resistance Protects Citizens (02:52)

The resistance collected identification information for Kuwaiti citizens, so the Iraqi occupiers could not alter them. The records reached the exiled government in Saudi Arabia.

Kuwaitis Fight for Freedom (04:56)

Exiled Kuwaitis in Saudi Arabia volunteered to fight along coalition forces to liberate Kuwait. The resistance in Kuwait provided information about Iraqi military operations and bombed key Iraqi locations.

Iraqis Retaliate Against Resistance (04:26)

After successful car bomb attacks by the resistance, Iraqi forces responded harshly and rounded up Kuwaitis to torture them. The exiled government urged the resistance to decrease their efforts.

Coalition Prepares for Use of Force (04:24)

In November 1990, the United Nations Security Council ordered the coalition forces to forcibly remove Iraqi troops from Kuwait. President George H.W. Bush was rallying support for peace talks with Saddam Hussein. The Kuwaiti government was concerned about his intentions for Kuwait's future.

Iraqi Atrocities (06:47)

Iraqi forces continued arresting and torture Kuwaiti civilians. Hussein kept Western hostages, which drew international media attention. American and Iraqi leaders met in Geneva to discuss a possible peace.

Iraq Rejects Final Peace Offer (03:50)

The Iraqis rejected the Americans' offer to withdraw from Kuwait. The UN and the United States felt their only option was war. A few days later, the air war began.

Credits: Battle for the Gulf - The 19th Province (00:58)

Credits: Battle for the Gulf - The 19th Province

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Battle for the Gulf - The 19th Province

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The UN imposed sanctions and called on Saddam Hussein to withdraw from Kuwait. Instead he sent in more than 300,000 soldiers. Kuwait’s wealth was systematically plundered by the looting of houses to the ransacking of the Kuwait Central Bank. Hussein ruled Kuwait as he’d always ruled Iraq, with torture and terror. One of the challenges for the government in exile was to provide the resistance in Kuwait with money. This was a complicated procedure, but proved very effective. But before any military action by the U.S., President George H.W. Bush wanted to bring along the American public. So the U.S. administration began a PR campaign to persuade the American public that military action was required. In an effort to avoid war, there was a last-minute meeting in Geneva with the Iraqis. But Tariq Aziz, the Iraqi Foreign Minister, had offered no last-minute compromise. Within days of the failure of the talks in Geneva, the Allies started air attacks on Iraq.

Length: 51 minutes

Item#: BVL166359

ISBN: 978-1-64481-366-9

Copyright date: ©2001

Closed Captioned

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