Kuwait Deals with Occupation (09:54)
The exiled Kuwaiti government was meeting in Saudi Arabia, but most of their issues had been made international. Many officials were still shocked by the Iraqi invasion and were unable to return to Kuwait. Kuwaiti medical services were overrun by the number of dead and wounded after the invasion.
Iraqis Trap Civilians (05:50)
Americans in Kuwait fled to the embassy, which was surrounded by Iraqi forces. Refugees fled to Arab nations and waited for news on relatives in Kuwait. Radio operators got secret message out of Kuwait.
Kuwait Organizes a Resistance (06:55)
Resistance fighters inside Kuwait used satellite communication to contact the exiled government in Saudi Arabia. The resistance organized into groups, kept sensitive information secret, and disguised their identities.
Resistance Protects Citizens (02:52)
The resistance collected identification information for Kuwaiti citizens, so the Iraqi occupiers could not alter them. The records reached the exiled government in Saudi Arabia.
Kuwaitis Fight for Freedom (04:56)
Exiled Kuwaitis in Saudi Arabia volunteered to fight along coalition forces to liberate Kuwait. The resistance in Kuwait provided information about Iraqi military operations and bombed key Iraqi locations.
Iraqis Retaliate Against Resistance (04:26)
After successful car bomb attacks by the resistance, Iraqi forces responded harshly and rounded up Kuwaitis to torture them. The exiled government urged the resistance to decrease their efforts.
Coalition Prepares for Use of Force (04:24)
In November 1990, the United Nations Security Council ordered the coalition forces to forcibly remove Iraqi troops from Kuwait. President George H.W. Bush was rallying support for peace talks with Saddam Hussein. The Kuwaiti government was concerned about his intentions for Kuwait's future.
Iraqi Atrocities (06:47)
Iraqi forces continued arresting and torture Kuwaiti civilians. Hussein kept Western hostages, which drew international media attention. American and Iraqi leaders met in Geneva to discuss a possible peace.
Iraq Rejects Final Peace Offer (03:50)
The Iraqis rejected the Americans' offer to withdraw from Kuwait. The UN and the United States felt their only option was war. A few days later, the air war began.
Credits: Battle for the Gulf - The 19th Province (00:58)
Credits: Battle for the Gulf - The 19th Province
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