Segments in this Video

Iran-Iraq War Ends (04:06)


In 1988, the Iran-Iraq war ended after eight years with Iraq winning. Many Arab leaders signed nonaggression pacts with Iraqi President Saddam Hussein. Kuwait was one of the last countries to sign.

Iraq Discusses Borders (03:37)

Hussein turned his attention to the disputed lands on the Iraqi-Kuwaiti border. Iraq wanted more land than Kuwait was willing to give. Iraq owned millions of dollars to Kuwait, which it borrowed during the war with Iran.

United States Helps Iraq (03:46)

The United States hoped Hussein would become a responsible leader and helped the country rebuild. American media called Hussein a dictator at the head of an outdated government. Hussein viewed it as a threat.

Hussein Exerts Power (07:16)

Hussein began making threats against Israel, which worried other Arab nations. Many American politicians worried the United States had been too soft on Hussein. Iraq began working on a nuclear program.

Hussein Calls the Arab League (02:53)

In May 1990, Hussein failed to form an alliance with other Arab nations against Israel. He turned his attention to the Kuwaiti, which made many of the other nations nervous. Despite Hussein's threats, Arab leaders urged western nations to not intervene.

Iraqis in Kuwait (06:29)

More than 7,000 Iraqi intelligence officers were operating inside Kuwait. Iraq asked for financial assistance from Kuwait. Iraq made threats against Kuwait and its oil reserves.

Hussein Speaks on Kuwait (05:59)

After accusing Kuwait of stealing oil from Iraq, Hussein gave a televised speech and threatened Kuwait. The Kuwaiti military began to prepare for an attack, but was slowed by the leaders wanting to solve the problem diplomatically. Other Arab leaders met to discuss the Iraqi troops gathering on the border with Kuwait.

Iraqi-Kuwaiti Tensions Rise (08:57)

Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak organized a meeting of the Arab nations to handle the situation between Iraq and Kuwait. The United States began offering assistance to its allies in the region. Hussein met with the American ambassador to say he had no intention to fight against American forces.

Iraq and Kuwait Meet (05:03)

The Kuwaitis believed that if Iraq invaded, the Americans would assist them. The American government attempted to predict Hussein's intentions. The Arab nations met in Saudi Arabia to discuss the situation between Iraq and Kuwait.

Iraq Prepares for Invasion (03:20)

After returning from the failed peace talks, the crown prince of Kuwait refused to allow the military to prepare believing diplomacy was still possible. Hussein ordered the Iraqi military to prepare for invading Kuwait.

Credits: Battle for the Gulf - A Summer Cloud (00:13)

Credits: Battle for the Gulf - A Summer Cloud

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Battle for the Gulf - A Summer Cloud

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At the end of the Iran-Iraq War, Iraq was close to bankruptcy because of President Saddam Hussein’s military spending and his attempts to build nuclear weapons. As an oil-rich country, Hussein tried to refill his coffers by selling oil at the highest possible price, but he blamed the Emir of Kuwait of flooding the market with cheap oil, lowering prices and hastening Iraq’s descent into economic crisis. The Iraqi foreign minister, Tariq Aziz, said Iraq started to realize that there was a conspiracy against them by Kuwait, organized and devised by the U.S. Hussein issued the Emir of Kuwait with a stark warning—“each dollar less in the price of oil means to us one billion dollars in revenue for a year. If you do not mean to wage a war against Iraq, please stop it.” But the Emir refused and a month later, Hussein’s inner circle decided that unless Kuwait handed over $10 billion to Iraq immediately, they would invade.

Length: 52 minutes

Item#: BVL166356

ISBN: 978-1-64481-363-8

Copyright date: ©2001

Closed Captioned

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