Thoughts on Architecture (04:15)
Antoni Gaudí considered Mediterranean light to be the most harmonious, at a 45 degree angle. He added rhymes in ceramics, stained glass, iron filigree, furniture, and electric light to the Mallorca Cathedral, a "stage design" for the liturgical celebration. (Credits)
Mallorca Cathedral History (02:28)
Construction began in the 14th century and continued for 300 years. Various architects contributed decorative elements. Between 1904 and 1914, Gaudí and Bishop Pere Joan Campins began a renovation to bring light to the interior.
Mallorca Cathedral Renovation Vision (03:18)
Bishop Campins promoted science, culture and language. Hear how he and Gaudí planned a suspended baldachin to focus attention on the altar. In 1902, Gaudí presented a scale model of the royal chapel.
Sequence of Religious Work (02:53)
Gaudí considered designing a church an architect's highest endeavor. Daniel Giralt-Miracle discusses his experiments with space and atmosphere in the Colònia Güell Church, Mallorca Cathedral and Sagrada Familia. In accordance with the early 1900s, Bishop Campins supported modern technology.
Peyronnet's Renovation (01:47)
After an 1851 earthquake, architect Joan Peyronnet repaired a damaged tower and reconstructed the main facade in a Gothic style. Gaudí's renovation is directly linked to this work and addresses conserving the cathedral's arches.
Bishop Pere Joan Campins (03:37)
Born in 1859, Campins entered the seminary in 1870 and was ordained bishop in 1898. He led a new liturgical movement targeting a broad public as the Church entered the modern era. The Mallorca Cathedral needed a larger interior space.
Antoni Gaudí (04:21)
Hear how Gaudí’s coppersmith family, rural background, and intuition gave him a sense of space and passion for nature that opened new pathways in architecture. He studied architecture in Barcelona; Eusebi Güell became his patron. He became reclusive later in life.
Modernizing Liturgy (02:18)
After Italy's reunification stripped papal lands, Pope Leo XIII focused on reviving the Church and making it more accessible. Campins predicted a fight with worker's movements and wanted to renovate the Mallorca Cathedral in response.
Renovation Process (03:06)
In 1899, Gaudí gave Campins a tour of the Sagrada Familia and accepted his commission for the Mallorca Cathedral. Construction began in 1904; hear descriptions of the work.
Mallorca Cathedral Renovation Team (02:02)
Gaudí expanded the Royal Chapel, brought the high altar to the congregation, relocated the canon's seats, and built singing galleries. He worked with mathematician Joan Rubió, stained glass artist Torres Garcia, painter Lluis Pasqual, and a calculus professor.
Public Reaction (02:41)
Gaudí traveled between Barcelona and Mallorca during renovation. In December 1904, the project attracted more congregants to the cathedral than ever. Hear names they gave to Gaudí's decorative elements.
Catalan Revival (02:37)
Renovation opened a new liturgical stage for the Mallorca Cathedral. Campins supported the movement for cultural and lingual autonomy. King James III's remains were returned to Mallorca in 1905 but his wish for a burial chapel remained unfulfilled.
Early 20th Century Movements (02:27)
In August 1905, hundreds gathered to witness a solar eclipse on Mallorca. Social conflict grew in Europe, violence occurred in Barcelona, and new world powers emerged preceding world war. The avant-garde coincided with uncertainty and creativity.
Renovation Critics (03:32)
Some disapproved of Gaudí's decorative elements in the Mallorca Cathedral. Daniel Giralt-Miracle recommends macro and micro level tours. Gaudí found inspiration in zoology, geology and botany and expressed them in craftsmanship. View detailed ironworks.
Liturgical Details (03:20)
Gaudí designed benches, lecterns, stools, and folding stairs to the Blessed Sacrament display. Hear how he decorated with glazed ceramic plant motifs containing coats of arms of former bishops, used electric lighting displays, and experimented with stained glass.
Learn about symbolism of Gaudí's altar canopy and view details. Meant to be temporary, the model installed in 1912 has lasted a century. Art historians believe it is his greatest work of decorative art.
Stopping Work on Mallorca Cathedral (04:27)
After Campin's death in 1915, Gaudí's decorative work became increasingly avant-garde. The Royal Household did not authorize continuing the project. Gaudí completed other major works while working in Mallorca.
Credits: Gaudí in the Mallorca Cathedral: The Bishop, the Architect, and the Baldachin (01:54)
Credits: Gaudí in the Mallorca Cathedral: The Bishop, the Architect, and the Baldachin
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