There are over 17,000 islands in the largest island nation. Dense forests are home to large animal species. Animals are forced to adapt and live together because of island development.
Coconut Crab (04:59)
This crab is the largest land-living arthropod on Earth. They are born in water where they remain for a couple weeks before moving deep into the forest. Coconut crabs are capable of killing small birds and mammals but eat coconuts and other crabs.
Sumatran Elephants (03:40)
These elephants are only found on the island of Sumatra and are smaller than their Asian cousins. Traversing fast flowing water can be a challenge for a young elephant. Elephants drink over 100 liters of water every day.
King Cobra (03:07)
This cobra is the largest venomous snake on Earth and can kill a Sumatran elephant by biting its trunk. A cobra tastes the air and targets another snake. It paralyzes its victim and swallows it whole.
Orangutans are only found in Indonesia and are the largest tree-dwelling animals in the world. They construct nests, give birth, and raise their babies predominantly in the forest canopy. Mothers have one baby at a time, and they raise the infant to adulthood.
Sumatran Tigers (02:55)
Tigers usually hunt ground-dwelling animals, but a baby orangutan gets close to the forest floor and tempts a tiger. The young orangutan is distracted while the tiger closes in, but the mother orangutan saves her baby. Approximately 90% of a tiger's prey escapes.
Island Volcanoes (02:26)
The Indonesian island chain is the result of tectonic plate movement and seismic activity. The Ring of Fire has around 130 active volcanoes. Plants and animals flourish on the lava fields and ash-covered terrain.
Reticulated Python (03:55)
The largest and deadliest predator in Indonesia lives on Bawean Island. It can grow to ten meters in length, is as wide as a human body, and is capable of swallowing a crocodile. A python that has not eaten for about a year hunts and swallows a deer.
Indonesian Cyclones (02:10)
The heat and high humidity in and around Indonesia causes cyclones. The storms suck up plants and insects and rain them down on distant islands. These insects might land where there are fewer predators and grow to be some of the largest insects on Earth, like the newly-discovered stick insect on Borneo.
Giant Rhinoceros Beetle (03:46)
One of the largest beetles can be found in Indonesia. Pound for pound, it is the strongest creature on Earth. Two male beetles use their horns during battle for breeding rights.
Proboscis Monkeys (05:22)
These monkeys, found only in Indonesia, are one of Asia’s largest primates. Their noses amplify honk-like noises; the louder the honk, the more dominant the male. The monkeys have stomachs one-quarter the size of their bodies and are picky eaters.
Rajah Brooke's Birdwings (02:27)
These butterflies live for about a month. They drink mineral-rich water that is necessary for breeding, and absorb the sodium and potassium; they dump it out to fly.
Whale Shark (03:24)
Cenderawasih Bay is home to a coral reef known as the Galapagos of the East because of its array of wildlife. With the help of tuna, whale sharks can hunt in shallow waters and eat twenty kilos of food every day.
Bagan Fishermen (04:38)
The fishermen of Cenderawasih Bay like whale sharks because they attract other fish and increase catches. Animals have been reducing in size through a process known as insular dwarfism. A more dramatic effect can be seen with smaller animals and insects.
Credits: Kingdom of Giants—Wildest Indonesia (00:35)
Credits: Kingdom of Giants—Wildest Indonesia
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