33 AD: the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ: Introduction (03:06)
In this video series, Patrick Boucheron will examine the impact of specific dates in history. The cross became the symbol of Christianity after the death of Jesus Christ, but was once just considered an item of torture. Dating an event sets the story in a particular space.
Jesus in Jerusalem (04:22)
Jesus preached and his disciples said he performed miracles. Pontius Pilot crucified Jesus, who rose from the dead on the third day. The four gospels contradict each other about the life of the son of God; Flavius Josephus also wrote an account in "The Jewish War."
Jerusalem awaited a savior to return it to a Jewish monarchy; devotees wanted Jesus to seize power and chase out the Romans. The "Gospel According to John" states Pontius Pilot placed a sign reading "King of the Jews" on the cross. Rebels, thieves, and slaves were crucified.
Symbol for Christianity (04:06)
The image of Jesus on the cross changed in subsequent decades. Experts theorize he died in 30 or 33 AD. Christianity did not spread outside Judea until centuries later.
Crucifixion Location (04:41)
Experts theorize the location of Golgotha. Emperor Constantine converted to Christianity in the Fourth Century. Learn about the artifacts located at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.
Resurrection and Heaven (04:24)
The Mosque of the Ascension is the location of where Jesus left Earth. The Dome of the Rock contains Mohammad's footprint. The calendar establishes Christian ideas. The Council of the First Nicaea dictates the birth of the Christian era is the passion.
Marking the Passing of Time (03:06)
World Calendars are complicated and differ by region. Events that occurred during Jesus' lifetime include Emperor Augustus' census, rise of Buddhism, and multiple calendars. Time is easier to colonize than space.
Credits: April 3, 33 AD: The Crucifixion of Jesus (00:20)
Credits: April 3, 33 AD: The Crucifixion of Jesus
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