Death of Alexander (03:48)
In this video series, Patrick Boucheron will examine the impact of specific dates in history. Alexander the Great died in Babylon on the 13th of June, 323 B.C. while ruling an empire that stretched from Greece to India. A wave of mythology about the former leader erupted. (Credits)
Myth of Alexander the Great (02:34)
Hollywood movies based scripts on legends of Alexander the Great and not on fact. Fictional stories occur in French, Latin, Persian, English, and Spanish. King Philip of Macedonia was thought to be a descendant of Heracles.
Alexander: Early Accomplishments (03:54)
Alexander visited Achilles and Cyrus the Great's tombs. Visiting the tomb of a fictional western hero and an eastern emperor foretold Alexander's mythology. Alexander stabilized the Greek Empire, conquered portions of the Achaemenid Empire, and began to believe he was the son of God.
Alexander the Liberator (03:21)
The oracle at Siwa predicted Alexander was pharaoh and the son of god. The Gaugamela battle occurred and Alexander conquered Babylon.
Alexander: Later Years (03:00)
Alexander married the Princess Stateira II in Susa, giving himself Persian legitimacy. Plutarch documented the king's illness and death by quoting passages from the Royal Ephemerides.
Succession after Alexander's Death (03:41)
Alexander IV was too young to assume control and Philip Arrhidaeus was developmentally disabled. The generals who attended Alexander the Great's deathbed fought for power; Ptolemy declared himself the guardian of the king's mummified corpse and wrote a history of the campaign.
Kingdom Fragmenting (02:35)
Self-proclaimed kingdoms of the diadochi broke up the Empire. Ptolemy created the last Pharaoh dynasty which lasted for three centuries. Rumors spread about the death of Alexander the Great; war erupted.
Impact of Alexander the Great (03:43)
Visiting the tomb of Achilles and Cyrus foretold Alexander's mythology. Subsequent kings traveled to Alexander's tomb to secure public support for a global empire. Hitler visited Napoleon Bonaparte's tomb in 1940.
Credits: 323 B.C.: Death of Alexander the Great (00:24)
Credits: 323 B,C.: Death of Alexander the Great
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