Introduction to Dr. Carl Rogers (01:32)
Dr. Carl R. Rogers is noted for his significant contribution to the psychological treatment described as non-directive or client-centered psychotherapy. He developed the baseline for personality research and a theory of personality focusing on the self and experience.
Curiosity of Animals (06:02)
Rogers believes people and other organisms are looking for an enriching and completed stimuli within their lives, always striving for tension; he uses flowers as a metaphor for what he believes the motivation to succeed to be. The interviewer then asks Rogers his opinion on Sigmund Freud's psychological concept of the unconscious.
Developing Behavior in Childhood (05:37)
The pair goes on to discuss Freud's theories of sexual motivation, as well as his psychosexual models to which Rogers' believes there is a bit of truth in Freud's emphasis of the sexual aspects of development. Rogers also believes that early childhood experiences are a powerful force within the cycle of human development, especially regarding the attitudes and values the children learn from their parents.
Rogers' Understanding of Reality (09:33)
The interviewer questions Rogers on his beliefs around reality, quoting Immanuel Kant who believed reality only exists as man perceives it; Rogers states that no one really knows what actual reality is. Rogers explains that the version of the "self" he believes in was developed mainly through listening carefully to his therapy clients.
Ideal vs. Real Self (04:50)
Rogers explains they developed the terms "ideal self" and "real self" as a measurement of a person's perception of themselves; he goes on to describe the difference between congruence and incongruence and how this relates to behavior within therapy.
Contributions to Psychotherapy (10:29)
The interviewer asks Rogers about how he began studying his work in psychotherapy, and what instances within his life brought him to this field of research. He talks about his relationships to his clients and his techniques and philosophy around his relationships with his patients. Rogers describes how he changed from a manipulative to an interpersonal approach within his work with clients in therapy.
Relationships in Therapy (05:36)
Rogers talks through and describes the three conditions of therapy he has developed through his psychological research over the years; these conditions are first the therapist's genuineness, the unconditional acceptance of the client, and finally the empathic understanding of which the psychologist is capable. The pair then goes on to discuss Freud's concept of transference within a therapeutic situation.
Organizing Group Therapy (03:54)
Rogers talks about his history with group therapy and the wonderful experiences that it can bring to those involved, including how it can facilitate community and help bring individuals into a different human experience. There are many offshoots of psychotherapy that Rogers fears will set the entire movement back by a number of years due to public misunderstanding.
Credits: Dr. Carl Rogers (00:28)
Credits: Dr. Carl Rogers
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