Segments in this Video

Chapter One: Epistemological Challenges of the Islamic World (07:00)

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The Enlightenment Myth omits contributions to science and sociology from the Arabic, Persian, and Islamic worlds; Ramon Grosfoguel argues the omission is epistemicide. Ibn Sina Avicenna made significant contributions to several areas of science. Other contributors include Fatima al-Fihri, Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi, and Ibn Khaldun.

Chapter Two: Classifying and Gendering Science and Knowledge (07:00)

Socio-historical, economic, and cultural situations determine our perception of reality. Consider capitalism and two versions of the proletarian standpoint theory and feminist standpoint theory.

Chapter Three: Critical Realism (10:04)

Roy Bhaskar critiques the positivist philosophy of natural science. Consider a diagrammatic representation of critical realist ontology and "things-in-themselves" in relation to events. Critical realism criticizes interpretive and positivist traditions in sociology; learn ontological and epistemological justifications.

Chapter Three: Ontological Justification (04:26)

Social life is not possible without prediction. Critical realism seeks to penetrate causal explanation and asserts there are many scientific methods; truth is not an absolute. It produces stress on epistemological caution.

Credits: Part 3: Challenges and Critical Realist Solutions (00:27)

Credits: Part 3: Challenges and Critical Realist Solutions

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Part 3: Challenges and Critical Realist Solutions

Part of the Series : The Philosophy of Social Science
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Description

This program begins with a challenge to the story of the history of science and the philosophy of science presented so far. It shows it to be an ethnocentric Western perspective and introduces the concept of “epistemicide” to explain the erasure of Persian, Arabic, and Islamic contributions to both science and the philosophy of science. It gives a selection of examples to show errors in the Western narration of historical discovery and achievement. The examples demonstrate that the “firsts” in the Western story, Bacon, Newton, and so on, were preceded by others hundreds of years earlier. The program next considers the feminist challenge to “malestream” science and considers the possibility of epistemological privilege. The last section of the program returns to the philosophy of natural science, noting that virtually all of the diverse perspectives within the philosophy of social science share a common, usually unreflected upon, acceptance of the positivist understanding of natural science. The Critical Realist perspective argues that such an understanding is a very much mistaken one. The program concludes with a presentation of the Critical Realist philosophy of both natural and social science.

Length: 30 minutes

Item#: BVL155962

ISBN: 978-1-64481-199-3

Copyright date: ©2018

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Not available to Home Video and Publisher customers.


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