Segments in this Video

The Saffron Revolution: Introduction (02:37)


India is the biggest democracy in the world; it emerged as a multi-faith nation 70 years ago. Rising Hindu nationalism generates fear among minorities. Mobeen Azhar will investigate why Hinduism inspires violent factions.

Hinduism (03:36)

The world's oldest religion is a way of life for many people; Ganesh, Hanuman, and Lord Shiva are part of pop culture. Varanasi is the most sacred place for devout Hindus. Azhar meets a holy man and attends the festival of Maha Shivaratri.

Hindu Nationalism (06:33)

Dr. Koushal Mishra discusses Hindu identity and the desire for an Indian/Hindu awakening. Hindutva is the core belief of the RSS; Alok Kumar explains the group's origins. Aditya Mukherjee states that division in India is a colonial construct. RSS ideology heavily influences the BJP and often provokes violence directed at minorities.

Uttar Pradesh (04:05)

With a population over 200 million, the state is India's largest "political prize." Ayodhya is a pilgrimage site for Hindu nationalists. In December 1992, Hindu mobs stormed the Babri Mosque and set it on fire. Mohammad Shahid's father and uncle, and other Muslims were killed in the streets.

Ram Mandir Temple (03:52)

The BJP spearheads a campaign to build a Ram temple on the former site of Barbi mosque. Sharad Sharma, a Vishva Hindu Parishad spokesman, denies the building had religious significance for Muslims. The BJP decisively won the 2017 elections, signaling Hindu-centric politics are shaping the Indian political landscape.

Religious Conversions (06:10)

Some people are converting to Christianity to escape India's ancient caste system. Over 300 Dalits gather for Sunday mass; many are Christ Bhaktas. Father Naveen discusses the "exploitation of souls" and India as a Christian nation.

Ghar Wapsi (04:37)

Six states have band religious conversions. The RSS instituted a re-conversion program but critics suggest it is a form of homogenization. The caste system makes the poorest people susceptible to religious conversion.

Hindutva (04:03)

The RSS promotes Hindu values in schools across India. Children at Saraswati Vidya Mandir School start the day with yoga, prayers, and a pledge of allegiance to Hindutva. A version of Indian history marks Muslims as barbarian invaders.

Sankatmochan Mahabali Hanuman (03:54)

Movies and television have a significant impact on society. Azhar attends the recording of a popular mythological show. All interpretations of Hindu figures must align with the RSS' version of Hinduism.

Right-Wing Group (05:43)

Banning television shows, films, and books is a powerful RSS weapon. The ABVP marches in protest against a previous rally at Ramjas College; a student describes his experience. Diversity is crucial in India.

Credits: The Saffron Revolution, Episode 5 (00:25)

Credits: The Saffron Revolution, Episode 5

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The Saffron Revolution, Episode 5

Part of the Series : Power and Piety
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BAFTA-winning film-maker Mobeen Azhar travels to Indonesia, home to the world’s largest Muslim population, to investigate how this nation’s historic religious tolerance is being challenged by hardline Islamic groups demanding that issues of faith be placed at the center of Indonesian politics. Although Indonesia has an overwhelming Muslim majority, constitutionally it has remained a secular state. All this could be about to change as conservative Islamic groups across the country gain increasing influence. In May 2017, Basuki Tjahaja Purnama—the former governor of Jakarta and one of a small number of non-Muslim politicians—was sentenced to two years in prison for blasphemy in a trial that was widely seen as a measure of Indonesia’s changing religious attitudes and growing intolerance. Mobeen Azhar travels to Jakarta to meet the key figures on both sides of this debate, and asks whether the picture of Indonesia as a tolerant, secular state is increasingly unrealistic? And whether the traditional Indonesian practice of Islam can survive as other more radical forms of Islam start to gain ground?

Length: 46 minutes

Item#: BVL154339

ISBN: 978-1-64347-934-7

Copyright date: ©2017

Closed Captioned

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