The Saffron Revolution: Introduction (02:37)
India is the biggest democracy in the world; it emerged as a multi-faith nation 70 years ago. Rising Hindu nationalism generates fear among minorities. Mobeen Azhar will investigate why Hinduism inspires violent factions.
The world's oldest religion is a way of life for many people; Ganesh, Hanuman, and Lord Shiva are part of pop culture. Varanasi is the most sacred place for devout Hindus. Azhar meets a holy man and attends the festival of Maha Shivaratri.
Hindu Nationalism (06:33)
Dr. Koushal Mishra discusses Hindu identity and the desire for an Indian/Hindu awakening. Hindutva is the core belief of the RSS; Alok Kumar explains the group's origins. Aditya Mukherjee states that division in India is a colonial construct. RSS ideology heavily influences the BJP and often provokes violence directed at minorities.
Uttar Pradesh (04:05)
With a population over 200 million, the state is India's largest "political prize." Ayodhya is a pilgrimage site for Hindu nationalists. In December 1992, Hindu mobs stormed the Babri Mosque and set it on fire. Mohammad Shahid's father and uncle, and other Muslims were killed in the streets.
Ram Mandir Temple (03:52)
The BJP spearheads a campaign to build a Ram temple on the former site of Barbi mosque. Sharad Sharma, a Vishva Hindu Parishad spokesman, denies the building had religious significance for Muslims. The BJP decisively won the 2017 elections, signaling Hindu-centric politics are shaping the Indian political landscape.
Religious Conversions (06:10)
Some people are converting to Christianity to escape India's ancient caste system. Over 300 Dalits gather for Sunday mass; many are Christ Bhaktas. Father Naveen discusses the "exploitation of souls" and India as a Christian nation.
Ghar Wapsi (04:37)
Six states have band religious conversions. The RSS instituted a re-conversion program but critics suggest it is a form of homogenization. The caste system makes the poorest people susceptible to religious conversion.
The RSS promotes Hindu values in schools across India. Children at Saraswati Vidya Mandir School start the day with yoga, prayers, and a pledge of allegiance to Hindutva. A version of Indian history marks Muslims as barbarian invaders.
Sankatmochan Mahabali Hanuman (03:54)
Movies and television have a significant impact on society. Azhar attends the recording of a popular mythological show. All interpretations of Hindu figures must align with the RSS' version of Hinduism.
Right-Wing Group (05:43)
Banning television shows, films, and books is a powerful RSS weapon. The ABVP marches in protest against a previous rally at Ramjas College; a student describes his experience. Diversity is crucial in India.
Credits: The Saffron Revolution, Episode 5 (00:25)
Credits: The Saffron Revolution, Episode 5
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