Homefront: WWII vs. Vietnam War (09:43)
During WWII, Charlottesville mobilized proudly for the war effort, but during the Vietnam War, there is no sign support for the war. The local newspaper supports the war and government through editorials, but like many community members, expresses some concern. High school students are especially frustrated and angry about the Vietnam War.
Opinions on Vietnam War (06:18)
Although a local company has gained business from military contracts, many employees do not support the war. Veterans and Army Reserve members express differing views on the purpose of the war. Americans seem willing to support the imperial impulse of the U.S., but many are joining the Reserve, Navy, or Air Force in order to avoid the draft or ground duty.
Organization and Family Positions on Vietnam (08:01)
The Charlottesville Junior Chamber of Commerce and Veterans organizations are supportive of war efforts, but some veterans express concern about methods and hope for an end to the war. Families often do not actively support or oppose the war, but this uncertainty makes deaths of young men even more tragic to families. A University of Virginia professor argues that the government has not made the purpose of the war clear to young people, creating confusion and anger.
Student Views on War (09:11)
Young members of the ROTC express support for the Vietnam War, arguing that the U.S. has an obligation to destroy the communist threat and make a resolution; at the same time these young men often do not understand the war and do not want to be drafted. Some University of Virginia professors are against the war but are unsure how to bring it up in class or speak out against it. Students and teachers gather at a symposium to discuss the strategies and historical context of Vietnam.
Draft Evasion and Objection to War (09:19)
David Nolan of the Southern Student Organizing Committee explains that most students want to avoid the draft whether they support the war or not, and come to him for help: some have moved to Canada. There is not much sign of anti-war sentiment on the University of Virginia campus or among the poorer residents, although some realize that the amount of funds going to the war threatens the poverty programs. A father discusses the choice of his two sons to be conscientious objectors.
Ministers' Concerns About War (06:16)
Charlottesville ministers express concern about how the war is affecting the people in their congregations, arguing about how the Vietnam War is different from other American wars, and what determines its morality. While community members seem indifferent, some ministers have noticed a growing concern about the war and an uncertainty about whether they can justify the war or trust the government to do what is right.
Impact of Soldier Death on Family (07:51)
After Anthony Jones died in Vietnam, the Jones family has felt grief, anxiety, and confusion about the war. Their ideas about the war have come more from Anthony's letters than the news: Anthony believed he was fighting for a good cause. His mother was troubled by requests that showed he was not equipped with basic necessities. The family is not outwardly opposed to the war, holding on to a hope that Anthony did not die in vain.
Confusion on Homefront (01:44)
As another young man is drafted and accepts his ticket to the induction center, more families face increasing anxiety about the Vietnam War. The town of Charlottesville is not quiet out of apathy, but out of uncertainty; they would fight evil willingly, but many view the war itself as evil.
Credits: Homefront 1967 (00:57)
Credits: Homefront 1967
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