Michael G. DeGroote School of Medicine (01:42)
McMaster University Medical School has forged a new approach in training doctors. Dr. Simon Oczkowski is in charge of the ICU at Hamilton General Hospital. He lists qualities that make a good doctor.
Multiple Mini-Interview Selection Process (02:22)
McMaster pioneered a teaching philosophy now used around the world. New students attend their first day in 2015 and describe participating in role play scenarios to test empathy, communication skills, and moral reasoning. Most Canadian medical schools have adopted the model.
Problem-Based Learning Model (02:24)
Jennifer Kay Summer's study group resolves weekly medical case studies under supervision. They learn traditional class subjects like genetics, embryology, and physiology during the process— and train to cope with future changes in medical knowledge.
Center for Simulated Learning (01:16)
McMaster alumnus Jennifer Boyle helps medical students like Aartie Rana prepare for patient care. Real life clinical settings intensify as training progresses.
Specialization Process (03:29)
McMaster students undertake 10 placements to determine their specialty. Perry Guo works at a child psychiatry outpatient clinic. Noah, age 12, suffers from a mood disorder; Perry discusses the challenges of treating mental illness and improving patient quality of life.
Clinical Placements (03:45)
Perry's parents have made sacrifices for his education and want him to be an ophthalmologist or surgeon. Shivani Dadwal is placed at a pediatric ICU. She cares for Cheyenne, age 2, suffering from a head injury; hear challenges of communicating with parents.
Moral and Medical Decisions (04:12)
Shivani's supervisor, Dr. Karen Choong, calls a multi-disciplinary team meeting about whether to treat a critically ill patient. Shivani learns valuable communication and ethical lessons, and realizes the responsibility of becoming a doctor.
A Doctor's Responsibility (02:39)
McMaster tries to prepare students for complex realities facing doctors, including making life and death decisions. Dr. Oczkowski discusses changing gears between patients. A patient suffers unexplained seizures; his mother expresses anxiety, but trusts Oczkowski's expertise.
Ongoing Education (04:09)
Now graduated, Shivani has started a four year internal medicine residency. She constantly researches to stay abreast of new treatments. She participates in a cardiac arrest role play training young doctors to make decisions in critical situations.
General Practice (02:35)
Perry has specialized in family medicine. The Canadian government has increased GP earning potential to attract more graduates. He participates in a neonatal resuscitation training program; doctors are liable for pediatric charts for 18 years.
Medical Liability (02:32)
Modern doctors must keep accurate records of patient consultations to protect their practices. Shivani explains the importance of taking medical histories to McMaster students; disciplinary action can result in a suspended license.
Practicing Medicine Under Stress (02:31)
Margaret, age 72, is in the ICU after a pulmonary blood clot and heart attack. Dr. Oczkowski has been working for over 24 hours; he worries about forgetting something important but his responsibility is shared among team members.
Canadian Healthcare (03:01)
Issues include long waiting times, prohibitive pharmaceutical costs, and fewer doctors. Doctors are encouraged to help improve the system; Jennifer presents her ideas on increasing social support for terminally ill patients. Physicians must always put patients first; Dr. Oczkowski discusses working with limited resources.
Medicine in Developing Countries (03:26)
McMaster encourages students to go abroad. Shivani practiced in rural India; she recalls being unable to save a patient due to limited resources. Dr. Oczkowski practiced in Uganda, where physicians work independently and are more subject to error.
Declaring Brain Death (05:28)
McMaster's emphasizes good communication. Richard, age 49, has lost brain function; his family witnesses Dr. Oczkowski declare him dead. Dr. Oczkowski's medical training helps him empathize with them and gain their trust.
Credits: Canada’s New Doctors: The People’s Health (00:30)
Credits: Canada’s New Doctors: The People’s Health
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