Feeding an Infant: Breastfeeding (03:58)
Breastfeeding can be easy and rewarding for most new mothers, and it is the best nutritional decision mothers can make for their infants.
Benefits of Breastfeeding (02:03)
The "first milk," or colostrum is high in antibodies and is optimal for the infant's health by helping protect and prepare baby's immune system. By Day 6, the breasts produce transitional milk and within two weeks, mature milk.
Breastfeeding: Benefits to Mothers (00:26)
Breastfeeding is inexpensive, convenient, and it helps promote the health of new mothers in many ways.
Infant Nutrition: Formula Feeding (01:46)
In cases of breast surgery, prescription drugs, or infectious disease, doctors may discourage mothers from nursing. An infant's structural problems may make it difficult or impossible to nurse properly.
Breast Milk Alternatives (02:15)
Cow's milk is not a healthy alternative for infants and should be withheld until after the child's first birthday. Formula is the best alternative to breast milk. Instructions for using formula and for bottle-feeding are provided in this segment.
Solid Foods and Food Allergies (03:54)
Solid foods should be introduced one at a time. Food allergies affect 2%-5% of children in the U.S. Almost 90% of allergies are caused by only nine foods. Symptoms of allergic reactions are provided.
Nutrition for Toddlers (02:54)
Toddlers from ages 1-3 can eat what the rest of the family eats at the dinner table. This age group needs extra vitamins, proteins, and minerals in order to grow and stay healthy. Toddlers need five servings of fruits and vegetables every day.
Appropriate Serving Size (01:22)
Serving size can be determined with this formula: one tablespoon per serving per year of life. Children can get calcium and vitamin D from macaroni & cheese, yogurt, milk, and other dairy products.
Nutrition for Preschoolers (03:09)
Preschoolers often mimic the behavior of those around them, including eating what others are consuming. Parents must be aware of the meals and snacks children eat while away from home. Tips for nutritious snacks are provided.
Special Diets (02:17)
In a vegetarian diet, there are plenty of options for protein. Parents may need to get creative with some vegetables. Children should eat fast foods and take-out meals only occasionally, and parents must teach children to make wise food choices.
Physical Activity and Good Habits (01:20)
Adults and children should include physical activity in their daily routines. Encourage playtime at every stage of development and be careful to choose age-appropriate toys.
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