Fetal Circulation (04:11)
Oxygenated blood travels from the placenta to the fetus entering the liver and Ductus venosus. The fetal heart functions as a two-chamber system; lungs are non-functional until birth. Most circulating fetal blood is mixed; after birth, the Ductus arteriosus closes, causing an audible murmur that fades.
Cardiopulmonary Assessment (05:48)
Observe the infant's skin color for acrocyanosis and evaluate respiratory effort; retractions and grunting indicate distress. Learn how to perform cardiopulmonary and respiratory assessments and identify heartbeat and pulmonary irregularities. A high pitched cry can indicate respiratory difficulties or neurological problems.
Cardiac Anomalies (08:07)
Congenital heart disease is indicated by respiratory distress, abnormal color, and cardiac murmurs. Defect categories include cyanotic, obstruction, septal, and hypoplasia. Learn about ventricular septal defects, atrial septal defects, patent ductus arteriosus, pulmonary stenosis, coarctation of the aorta, aortic stenosis, Tetralogy of Fallot, and transposition of the great vessels.
Credits: Cardiopulmonary Assessment and Cardiac Anomalies: Assessment of the Newborn (00:16)
Credits: Cardiopulmonary Assessment and Cardiac Anomalies: Assessment of the Newborn
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