Energy Use (03:45)
Architects were trained with the idea that form follows function. Buildings use approximately 40-50% of primary energy in America. Experts discuss the consequences of housing design and fossil fuel use.
Buildings and Energy (05:03)
See an excerpt from "Mad Max, The Road Warrior"; we need to prepare for climate change. The availability of building materials, energy use and waste, and architectural design has changed over time; see an architecture timeline from the 17th to 19th centuries.
Housing Design and Energy (02:29)
New fuel sources were discovered in the 20th century, affecting architectural design. New ideas about buildings emerged in the 1970s, including passive solar architecture.
Fossil Fuel Dependency (03:02)
A thermos represents the energy model for houses. By 1980, energy prices plummeted resulting in McMansions. American lifestyles are based on oil power.
Energy Shift and Design (03:29)
Tom Zellar Jr. states that fossil fuels and climate change are an abstraction for many people. Katrin Klingenberg discusses turning the energy pyramid upside down. Experts discuss passive house energy and its benefits.
Working toward Zero Energy (04:46)
Bryan and Stephanie Farris compare their old house to their passive house in Oregon. An integrated design process is critical to building a home that meets this energy standard; experts conduct performance tests.
Tight Building (03:01)
Architect Chris Benedict states that "breathing" buildings are unhealthy; see how positive and negative pressure planes work in a home. Scott Gunter identifies air sealing techniques. Passive homes have good air quality.
Acoustics and Temperature (05:05)
Passive homes maintain temperature consistency and are quiet. See a sound demonstration and learn how temperature regulation occurs. Competitions for energy use would result in more buildings like passive houses.
Passive Design (04:43)
Passive houses use low energy; design concepts can be used in renovations. Experts modify a brownstone home using passive design concepts; windows are an important design element.
Home Renovation and Cost (04:31)
See passive design concepts used in the renovation of a brownstone home. Experts reflect on the cost of building passive style homes and the resulting energy savings.
Holistic Approach to Building (03:46)
Experts discuss economic growth, consumer education, and resistance to change in the building industry. Builders need to learn to build high performance homes in a future with rising energy costs; aesthetics are often disconnected from house performance.
Future Home Architecture (02:11)
Experts reflect on changing framing systems and changing relationships within the building industry.
Balanced Homes (02:04)
A building gains and loses energy in different ways and places; an integrated building is necessary for balance. The passive house energy standard guides the design of the building.
Passive House Modular Home (03:32)
J.B. Clancy designed the first modular passive house in the U.S. for Habitat for Humanity; see how the walls are built. The home maintained a 62 degree temperature inside while it was 15 degrees outside.
Twenty First Century Architecture (04:53)
Ward Smyth discusses the simplification of housing using the passive house concept. Experts reflect on the "current situation of passive housing."
Credits: Superhouse (01:26)
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